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20 records – page 1 of 2.

Ambient Vibration Testing and Modal Analysis of Multi-Storey Cross Laminated Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue237
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Wind
Serviceability
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Reynolds, Thomas
Bolmsvik, Åsa
Vessby, Johan
Chang, Wen-Shao
Harris, Richard
Bawcombe, Jonathan
Bregulla, Julie
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Wind
Serviceability
Keywords
Modal Properties
Multi-Storey
Damping
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
The ambient movement of three modern multi-storey timber buildings has been measured and used to determine modal properties. This information, obtained by a simple, unobtrusive series of tests, can give insights into the structural performance of these forms of building, as well as providing information for the design of future, taller timber buildings for dynamic loads. For two of the buildings, the natural frequency has been related to the lateral stiffness of the structure, and compared with that given by a simple calculation. In future tall timber buildings, a new design criterion is expected to become important: deflection and vibration serviceability under wind load. For multi-storey timber buildings there is currently no empirical basis to estimate damping for calculation of wind-induced vibration, and there is little information for stiffness under wind load. This study therefore presents a method to address those gaps in knowledge.
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Ambient Vibration Tests of a Cross-Laminated Timber Building

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue313
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Wind
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Shear Walls
Author
Reynolds, Thomas
Harris, Richard
Chang, Wen-Shao
Bregulla, Julie
Bawcombe, Jonathan
Publisher
ICE Publishing
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
United Kingdom
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Shear Walls
Topic
Wind
Keywords
Damping
Dynamic Movement
In Situ
Multi-Storey
Stiffness
Modal Properties
Ambient Vibration Method
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Construction Materials
ISSN
1747-6518
Summary
Cross-laminated timber has, in the last 6 years, been used for the first time to form shear walls and cores in multi-storey buildings of seven storeys or more. Such buildings can have low mass in comparison to conventional structural forms. This low mass means that, as cross-laminated timber is used for taller buildings still, their dynamic movement under wind load is likely to be a key design parameter. An understanding of dynamic lateral stiffness and damping, which has so far been insufficiently researched, will be vital to the effective design for wind-induced vibration. In this study, an ambient vibration method is used to identify the dynamic properties of a seven-storey cross-laminated timber building in situ. The random decrement method is used, along with the Ibrahim time domain method, to extract the modal properties of the structure from the acceleration measured under ambient conditions. The results show that this output-only modal analysis method can be used to extract modal information from such a building, and that information is compared with a simple structural model. Measurements on two occasions during construction show the effect of non-structural elements on the modal properties of the structure.
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Case Study: An 18 Storey Tall Mass Timber Hybrid Student Residence at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2120
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Fast, Paul
Gafner, Bernhard
Jackson, Robert
Li, Jimmy
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Tall Wood
Mass Timber
Rolling Shear
Prefabrication
Damping
Tolerances
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This article outlines the structural design approach used for the Brock Commons Student Residence project, an 18-storey wood building at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada. When completed in summer 2017, it will be the tallest mass timber hybrid building in the world at 53 meters high. Fast + Epp are the structural engineers, working in conjunction with Acton Ostry Architects and Hermann Kaufmann Architekten. Total project costs, inclusive of fees, permits etc. are $51.5M CAD.
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Damping in Timber Structures

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue106
Year of Publication
2012
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Floors
Beams
Author
Labonnote, Nathalie
Organization
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Year of Publication
2012
Country of Publication
Norway
Format
Thesis
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Floors
Beams
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Damping
Model
Panels
Spruce
Testing
Vibrations
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Key point to development of environmentally friendly timber structures, appropriate to urban ways of living, is the development of high-rise timber buildings. Comfort properties are nowadays one of the main limitations to tall timber buildings, and an enhanced knowledge on damping phenomena is therefore required, as well as improved prediction models for damping. The aim of this work has consequently been to estimate various damping quantities in timber structures. In particular, models have been derived for predicting material damping in timber members, beams or panels, or in more complex timber structures, such as floors. Material damping is defined as damping due to intrinsic material properties, and used to be referred to as internal friction. In addition, structural damping, defined as damping due to connections and friction in-between members, has been estimated for timber floors.
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Designing Pedestrian Stress-Laminated Timber Bridges for Multiple Spans: Parameters Related to Dynamic Response

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2576
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Design and Systems
Application
Bridges and Spans

Development of Timber Buckling Restrained Braces for Mass Timber Braced Frames

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2544
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Seismic
Design and Systems
Application
Frames
Author
Murphy, Colton
Pantelides, Chris
Blomgren, Hans-Erik
Rammer, Douglas
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Conference Paper
Application
Frames
Topic
Seismic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Brace
Buckling
Damping
Fuse
Seismic
Structure
Timber
Language
English
Conference
International Network on Timber Engineering Research
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Buckling Restrained Brace Frames (BRBF) are a proven and reliable method to provide an efficient lateral force resisting system for new and existing structures in earthquake prone regions. The fuse-type elements in this system facilitate stable energy dissipation at large load deformation levels. Currently, the new trend towards mass timber vertical structures creates a need for a lightweight compatible lateral force resisting system. A Buckling Restrained Brace (BRB) component is possible to construct and feasible to implement when combining a steel core with a mass timber casing herein named the Timber-Buckling Restrained Brace (T-BRB). T-BRBs when combined with mass timber beam and column elements can create a system that will have advantages over the current steel framed BRBF system when considering recyclability, sustainability, framing compatibility, and performance. This paper presents findings on small scale testing of candidate engineered wood products for the T-BRB casing and testing of six full scale 12 ft long 60 kip braces according to code prescribed loading protocols and acceptance criteria.
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Dynamic Analysis and Comparison of High-Rise Building Frames Made of Mass-Timber and Traditional Materials Using Finite Element Analysis

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2284
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Seismic
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Frames

Dynamic Characterization and Vibration Analysis of a Four-Story Mass Timber Building

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2213
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Dynamic Evaluation of Hybrid Timber-Steel Moment-Frame Structure Using Resilient Slip Friction Connections

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1756
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Connections
Seismic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Steel-Timber Composite
Application
Frames
Author
Valadbeigi, Armin
Zarnani, Pouyan
Quenneville, Pierre
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Steel-Timber Composite
Application
Frames
Topic
Connections
Seismic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Resilient Slip Friction Joint
Damping
Base Shear
Displacement
Acceleration
Self-Centering
Moment-Resisting
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 5031-5040
Summary
This study introduces a new resilient slip friction joint for framed hybrid structures. The proposed connection has a self-centring behaviour in addition to damping characteristic. This innovative Resilient Slip Friction (RSF) joint is replaced with the conventional beam to column connections. The RSF joint provides energy dissipation...
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Effect of End Support Conditions on the Vibrational Performance of Cross-Laminated Timber Floors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue209
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Maldonado, Saul
Chui, Ying Hei
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Keywords
End Support
Natural Frequency
Damping
Static Deflection
Finite Element Model
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
This study focuses on the vibrational behaviour of 3, 5 and 7-layer cross-laminated timber (CLT) plates supported on two sides with different support conditions. Three end support setups are proposed; 1) top load over the two supported edges, 2) direct fastening to support using self-tapping screws, 3) steel angle bracket support. The measured response parameters are natural frequencies, damping, and static deflection under a point load. The rotational stiffness with load, screws and steel angle brackets will be characterized through static tests. In addition, the effect of the span is studied by varying the test span and repeating the vibration and deflection tests. The laboratory tests will be supplemented with analytical modelling. The expected outcome is the development of approaches to more accurately calculate the natural frequency and static deflection under a point load, which can account for the influence of common support conditions encountered in service.
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20 records – page 1 of 2.