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Buckling-restrained Braced Frames for Seismically Resilient Mass Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2571
Topic
Seismic
Wind
Application
Frames
Organization
University of Utah
Application
Frames
Topic
Seismic
Wind
Keywords
Buckling Restrained Brace Frames
Resilient Building Design
Mass Timber
Energy Dissipation
Monitoring
Research Status
In Progress
Notes
Project contact is Chris Pantelides at the University of Utah
Summary
A mass timber buckling-restrained braced frame is proposed to enhance the seismic resilience of mass timber buildings. Constructed using wood generated from the national forest system, the mass timber buckling-restrained brace will be integrated with a mass timber frame for structural energy dissipation under seismic or wind loads. The team will improve and optimize the design of structural components based on feedback from a real-time health monitoring system. Outcomes include guidelines for a lateral force resisting system of mass timber buildings in high seismic or wind regions.
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Comparing Numerical Results for Seismic Performance of Portal Steel Frames Braced with Steel: HSS Brace, Glulam Timber Brace, and Timber-Steel-BRB

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue3163
Year of Publication
2022
Topic
Seismic
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Frames
Author
Sabbagh-Yazdi, Saeed-Reza
Mirzazadah, Ainullah
Organization
Toosi University of Technology
Editor
Branco, Jorge
Publisher
Hindawi
Year of Publication
2022
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Frames
Topic
Seismic
Keywords
Portal Steel Frames
Seismic Analyses
Buckling Restrained Brace
Energy Dissipation
Research Status
Complete
Series
Advances in Civil Engineering
Summary
This study involves the application of timber-based bracings elements. For this purpose, seismic analyses are performed on special portal steel frames without the brace and diagonally braced with Glued Laminated Timber (glulam) and Timber-Steel Buckling Restrained Brace (TS-BRB), and the results are compared with the same configuration using steel Hollow Structural Sections (HSS) bracing, using OpenSees structural analyzer. First, to verify the accuracy of the modeling, the numerical results are compared with experimental measurements on several types of elements: (a) diagonally braced frame with steel Hollow Structural Sections with a concentrically steel braced frame which was tested by the quasi-static method under cyclic loading protocol by previous researchers, (b) diagonally glulam braced frame with results of shake table tests on single-story timber braced frames, and (c) Timber-Steel Buckling Restrained Brace (TS-BRB) frame with experimental results of Heavy Timber Buckling-Restrained Braced Frame (HT-BRB). In the second step, the aforementioned timber base bracing alternatives (glulam, TS-BRB) are applied in the special portal steel frame, then the seismic performance of the frame is investigated under pushover, cyclic, time history, and incremental dynamic analysis (IDA), and then the results are compared with the behavior of similar portal frame in two conditions without the brace and diagonally braced with the steel-HSS brace. Results showed that steel-HSS, glulam, and timber-steel buckling restrained braces have significant roles in energy dissipation, increasing shear capacity, decreasing interstory drift, and decreasing weight and cost of estimation of the structure.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Performance and failure modes of mass timber buckling-restrained braces under cyclic loading

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue3159
Year of Publication
2022
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Author
Takeuchi, Toru
Terazawa, Yuki
Komuro, Shogo
Kurata, Takashi
Sitler, Ben
Organization
Tokyo Institute of Technology
Nippon Steel Engineering
Publisher
Elsevier
Year of Publication
2022
Format
Journal Article
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Buckling-restrained Brace
Mass Timber
Cyclic Loading Test
Bulging
Design Criteria
Research Status
Complete
Series
Engineering Structures
Summary
Buckling-restrained braces with mass timber restrainers (MT-BRBs) have recently been investigated by several researchers. However, timber restrainers exhibit brittle failure modes and have lower stiffness and strength than their composite and steel counterparts. Previous experiments have demonstrated that timber restrainers are particularly susceptible to local bulging and that this is a brittle failure resulting in a near total loss of strength. Nevertheless, local bulging and global stability design methods have not yet been established for BRBs with timber restrainers. This paper presents cyclic loading tests of MT-BRBs featuring different bolted restrainer compositions, core plate clearances, reinforcing plate arrangements, connections and boundary conditions. These tests produced a variety of weak- and strong-axis bulging and global buckling failure modes. Design methods were developed to prevent each failure mode and then used to design full-scale MT-BRBs that were successfully tested and exhibited excellent performance.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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