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22 records – page 1 of 3.

Solid Timber Construction: Process, Practice, Performance

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue974
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Market and Adoption
Cost
Design and Systems
Site Construction Management
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Smith, Ryan
Griffin, Gentry
Rice, Talbot
Year of Publication
2015
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Market and Adoption
Cost
Design and Systems
Site Construction Management
Keywords
Off-site Construction
Off-site Prefabrication
Schedule
Quality
Safety
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This project evaluates off-site solid timber production processes in the international solid timber industry. The Solid Timber Construction (STC) projects documented herein provide a test bed to evaluate project performance metrics attributed to off-site construction. This study also evaluates the contingent qualitative environmental, organizational and technological contextual factors related to STC. The study therefore: Investigates and documents STC projects to identify successful performance metric parameters: economics, schedule, scope, quality, risk, and worker safety. Compares this data to traditional site built construction to determine the estimated added value or negative impact of STC. Identifies qualitative contextual parameters including environment, organization and technology for successfully developing STC methods; Creates a model for data gathering for STC stakeholders to report their own performance parameters and thereby create a robust database of off-site projects in the future. Synthesizes holistic best processes and practices guide for the industry looking to engage in STC work.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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A Literature Review of the State-of-Art in Fire Protection of Mid-Rise Wood Buildings Under Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1949
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Fire
Site Construction Management
Material
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Bwalya, Alex
Ko, Yoon
Lam, Cecilia
Kim, Andrew
Lougheed, Gary
Su, Joseph
Organization
National Research Council of Canada
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Report
Material
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Fire
Site Construction Management
Keywords
Mid-Rise
Construction
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This work was carried in support of NRC’s Mid-rise Wood Buildings (MRWB) program, whose objective is to improve the performance of mid-rise and tall wood buildings. The main objective of the work was to determine the scope for future research to develop new technologies to prevent, fight and mitigate the impacts of fire during construction. The work involved an extensive literature review and some discussions with potential stakeholders to understand their views, concerns and research needs. The literature review covered approximately 115 publications (including magazine and newspaper articles). The current literature clearly identifies the significant fire risks faced by wood buildings during the construction phase and there are numerous examples of fires that have occurred at wood building construction sites. The literature review revealed that the current state-of-the-art essentially encompasses the development and promotion of safe working practices and fire safety guidelines for mid-rise wood buildings under construction, which is being adequately addressed by many industry stakeholders. There is a lack of research and methods to address the critical areas of active and passive fire protection during construction. This is likely due to the fact that the acceptance of mid-rise and tall wood buildings has only happened recently and was largely based on the fact that the fire safety of finished buildings is assured by proven adequacy of their fire resistance design features, such as the encapsulation approach, and mandatory requirements for fire protection systems, such as sprinklers. Therefore, NRC can make a more valuable contribution in areas where its existing fire research expertise and unique test facilities can lead to the development of new knowledge to improve safety in mid-rise wood buildings under construction by undertaking research in the following areas identified by this study: 1. Characterization of construction site fires and evaluation of detection systems; 2. Evaluation and development of active fire protection systems/technologies applicable to construction sites; 3. Evaluation and development of passive fire protection systems/technologies applicable to construction sites; 4. Improvement of firefighting tactics using scientific knowledge of construction site fires and effective suppression technologies. The research can be undertaken in phases, with Phase 1 focusing on the characterization of mid-rise wood construction site fires, evaluation and development of fire detection and suppression systems. Subsequent phases of the project could address the evaluation and development of cost-effective passive protection systems and the improvement of firefighting tactics using the fire scenarios developed in Phase 1. Further details of the potential scope for research in the above areas are presented and discussed in this report.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Wetting and Drying Performance of Wood-Based Assemblies Related to On-Site Moisture Management

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1782
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Site Construction Management
Moisture
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Roofs
Author
Wang, Jieying
Year of Publication
2016
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Roofs
Topic
Site Construction Management
Moisture
Keywords
Moisture Content
Wetting
Drying
Construction
Climate
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 5554-5563
Summary
This document aims to emphasize the importance of an appropriate level of on-site moisture management for wood construction, depending on weather conditions, construction methods, and assemblies used. It covers three different but related research projects. It first describes baseline moisture contents (MCs) measured from...
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Nail-Laminated Timber Canadian Design and Construction Guide

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2243
Edition
1.1
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Design and Systems
Acoustics and Vibration
Connections
Fire
General Information
Moisture
Seismic
Site Construction Management
Material
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Roofs
Editor
Holt, Rebecca
Luthi, Tanya
Dickof, Carla
Edition
1.1
Publisher
Binational Softwood Lumber Council
Forestry Innovation Investment
Year of Publication
2017
Format
Book/Guide
Material
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Roofs
Topic
Design and Systems
Acoustics and Vibration
Connections
Fire
General Information
Moisture
Seismic
Site Construction Management
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This Design and Construction Guide (the Guide) provides the Canadian design and construction industry with immediate support and guidance to ensure safe, predictable, and economical use of NLT. It is intended to offer practical strategies, advice, and guidance, transferring knowledge and lessons learned from those with experience. This Guide focuses on design and construction considerations for floor and roof systems pertaining to current Canadian construction practice and standards. While NLT is being used for vertical elements for walls, stair shafts, and elevator shafts, this Guide provides the greatest depth of direction for common horizontal applications. The information included here is supplemental to wood design and construction best practices and is specific to the application of NLT. Built examples are included to illustrate real application and visual reference as much as possible.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Tall Wood Building Enclosures – A Race To the Top

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2346
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Design and Systems
Site Construction Management
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Building Envelope
Author
Hubbs, Brian
Finch, Graham
Year of Publication
2017
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Building Envelope
Topic
Design and Systems
Site Construction Management
Keywords
Prefabrication
Building Enclosure
Façade
Curtain Wall
Durability
Construction Time
Conference
Canadian Conference on Building Science and Technology
Research Status
Complete
Summary
On tall wood buildings, mass timber elements including CLT, NLT, glulam, and other engineered components absolutely need to be protected from excessive wetting during construction. This requirement precludes the use of many conventional cladding systems unless the building is fully hoarded during construction. The building enclosure and façade of UBC Tallwood House consists of an innovative prefabricated steel stud rainscreen curtain-wall assembly that is pre-insulated, pre-clad, and has factory installed windows. Design of connections and air and water sealing of panel joints and interfaces was carefully considered given the tall wood structure they were designed to protect. While steel studs were utilized in the panelized structure, feasible curtain-wall designs were also developed and prototyped for wood-framing, CLT, and precast concrete as part of the project. Looking ahead, there will continue to be innovation in design and construction of fast and durable facades for taller wood buildings. New prefabricated panel designs incorporating CLT panels and connection technologies from unitized curtainwall systems are already being developed for the “next tallest” wood buildings in North America.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Nail-Laminated Timber U.S. Design and Construction Guide

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue834
Edition
1.0
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Connections
Design and Systems
Fire
General Information
Moisture
Seismic
Site Construction Management
Material
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Roofs
Editor
Holt, Rebecca Luthi, Tanya Dickof, Carla
Edition
1.0
Publisher
Binational Softwood Lumber Council
Year of Publication
2017
Format
Book/Guide
Material
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Roofs
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Connections
Design and Systems
Fire
General Information
Moisture
Seismic
Site Construction Management
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This Design and Construction Guide (the Guide) provides the U.S. design and construction community with guidance to ensure safe, predictable, and economical use of NLT. It is intended to offer practical strategies, advice, and guidance, transferring knowledge and lessons learned from NLT project experience. This Guide focuses on design and construction considerations for floor and roof systems pertaining to U.S. construction practice and standards. While NLT is being used for vertical elements for walls, stair shafts, and elevator shafts, this Guide provides the greatest depth of direction for more common horizontal applications. The information included here is supplemental to wood design and construction best practices and is specific to the application of NLT. Built examples are included to illustrate real application and visual reference as much as possible.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Evolution of the Building Envelope in Modern Wood Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1799
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Design and Systems
Energy Performance
Moisture
Site Construction Management
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Building Envelope
Author
Wang, Jieying
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2017
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Building Envelope
Topic
Design and Systems
Energy Performance
Moisture
Site Construction Management
Keywords
Energy Efficiency
Building Envelope
Tall Wood
Wood Infill Walls
Podium Structures
Articulated Buildings
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This report provides an overview of major changes occurred in the recent decade to design and construction of the building envelope of wood and wood-hybrid construction. It also covers some new or unique considerations required to improve building envelope performance, due to evolutions of structural systems, architectural design, energy efficiency requirements, or use of new materials. It primarily aims to help practicioners better understand wood-based building envelope systems to improve design and construction practices. The information provided should also be useful to the wood industry to better understand the demands for wood products in the market place. Gaps in research are identified and summarized at the end of this report.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Environmental Response of a CLT Floor Panel: Lessons for Moisture Management and Monitoring of Mass Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2161
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Site Construction Management
Serviceability
Moisture
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors

Wetting and Drying Performance Related To On-Site Moisture Protection of Cross-Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1169
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Moisture
Site Construction Management
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Hybrid Building Systems
Wood Building Systems
Author
Wang, Jieying
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2018
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Hybrid Building Systems
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Moisture
Site Construction Management
Keywords
On-Site
Moisture Management
Water Repellants
Rain
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Practical solutions are needed for on-site moisture management of mass timber construction. Six groups of cross-laminated timber (CLT) specimens, together with reference specimens including plywood, OSB, and nail-laminated timber were assessed for their wetting and drying behaviour. The focus of this study was to assess the effectiveness of water repellents and membranes installed on CLT in preventing the wetting that can be caused by, for example, rain during outdoor exposure, installation of wet concrete topping, or sitting on a damp concrete slab. Seven water repellent products covering a range of formulations and three membranes including a self-adhered vapour-permeable membrane, a self-adhered vapour-impermeable membrane, and a lumber wrap were assessed as potential temporary moisture protection measures. Implications for moisture protection practices based on the test were summarized at the end of this report.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Quality Control and Quality Assurance in Hybrid Mass Timber High-Rise Construction: A Case Study of the Brock Commons

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1272
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Site Construction Management
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Hybrid Building Systems
Author
Calderon, Francisco
Organization
University of British Columbia
Year of Publication
2018
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Hybrid Building Systems
Topic
Site Construction Management
Keywords
Quality Control
Quality Assurance
Brock Commons
Reinforced Concrete
Concrete Core
Construction
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Wood has seen a resurgence recently as a construction material driven by technological advances and a growing concern for the environment. Although an increasing amount of mass timber high-rises are being built all around the world, lack of information and outdated preconceptions are some of the obstacles that are keeping mass timber products from increasing their market share in high-rise construction. Academia and industry leaders must keep track of the progress that is being made and inform the general public as innovation and technological advances continue to take place. In this context, the University of British Columbia has recently completed the construction of the Brock Commons Tallwood House. This 18-story residence building employs two reinforced concrete cores and a mass timber structure composed of cross laminated timber panels, glued-laminated columns, and parallel strand lumber columns. With this, the building is currently the tallest wood building in the world and a testament to the suitability of engineered wood elements for high-rise construction. Aiming to address the lack of information surrounding mass timber high rise construction, this thesis documents the quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) practices that were put in place during the delivery of the building. The main objective of this research was to identify and present lessons learned from the application of these QA/QC practices. To do this, various QA/QC practices were identified and analyzed by reviewing the project specifications and other project documents, reviewing recognized industry standards, and interviewing various members of the project team. This study found a series of comprehensive and well-planned QA/QC practices that were put in place by the project team and that were appropriate to comply with the project requirements. This study concluded that most of these practices are replicable and advisable for future projects. The different QA/QC practices that were identified and the lessons learned from their application are presented in this thesis.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

22 records – page 1 of 3.