The use of cross-laminated timber (CLT) in residential and non-residential buildings is becoming increasingly popular in North America. While the 2016 supplement to the 2014 edition of the Canadian Standard for Engineering Design in Wood, CSAO86, provides provisions for CLT structures used in platform type applications, it does not provide guidance for the in-plane...
This paper aims to investigate the energy saving and carbon reduction performance of cross-laminated timber residential buildings in the severe cold region of China through a computational simulation approach. The authors selected Harbin as the simulation environment, designed reference residential...
This book has been written to cover the design and performance of CLT within construction. Chapter 1 showcases its uses for architects and building designers. Chapter 2 focuses on design principles and Chapter 3 covers CLT performance, including structural design, fire performance, acoustics, thermal performance, durability, appearance, and sustainability. Chapter 4 concludes the book with thirteen case studies based on several building types. Highly illustrated with photos and technical drawings, this book demonstrates the versatility of CLT as a sustainable, engineered timber solution and will assist architects, engineers and their clients looking to work with this material.
Cross-laminated Timber (CLT), a new generation of engineered wood product developed initially in Europe, is a relatively innovative building system of interest in the North American construction and is helping to define a new class of timber products known as massive or “mass” timber. This material has been gaining popularity in residential and non-residential applications in several countries due to many advantages it can offer: high dimension stability, high strength and stiffness, high level of prefabrication, fire resistant, cost and energy efficient, renewable and biodegradable, sustainable, and good thermal and sound insulator. However, CLT represents a complicated material whose behavior is difficult to predict in various applications and requires care from the engineers and researchers. Due to the increase of the use of CLT mats for industrial, construction and environmental applications, CLT mats are currently used in industrial applications, this study presents the analysis and behavior of such mats. Three-dimensional non-linear finite element models, using ANSYS, have been created, analyzed and compared with previous experimental work previously performed to validate the models. The model includes detailed modeling, analysis and investigation of the wood material supported by soil. This research shows a non-linear finite element analysis model that can predict CLT behavior. Damage models of CLT is used to determine the failure modes of this material. The analysis results are compared with current industrial practices published guides and highlight the limitations of such procedures. Lastly, a design procedure was developed for the analysis of different configurations such mats.
This project identifies drivers for, and barriers to, the increased use of prefabricated timber building (PTB) systems in Class 2 to 9 commercial buildings, such as apartments, hotels, office buildings and schools.
PTB systems in Australia are in a formative stage and yet to achieve broad acceptance in the marketplace as a conventional method of building.
Opportunities for PTB systems can use timber’s well-established benefits such as high strength-to-weight ratio; design and construction flexibility; general environmental credentials including carbon sequestration; and prefabrication’s suitability for use on brown-field, restricted access and difficult sites and developments. In addition legislative constraints have now been largely removed (e.g. through changes to the 2016 National Construction Code).
An increase in large scale mid-rise prefabricated buildings, and with the increasing nationalisation and internationalisation of the top tier building companies, suggests market acceptance will grow as PTB buildings are seen as ‘normal’.