There has been no research to date exploring whether timber products can provide effective thermal capacitance in residential or commercial construction. This research is exploring the use of unique mass-timber products to provide a new form of thermal performance capacitance
within the built fabric of new and existing homes. The development of mass timber products is a new paradigm in material and building science research in Australia, requiring the accounting for carbon emissions, carbon sequestration, material embodied energy and material thermal properties for this renewable resource. This paper focuses on the results from preliminary building simulation studies encompassing house energy rating simulations and a comparative analysis of embodied energy and carbon storage for a series of house plans in Australia.
Long service life, low maintenance requirements during service life reduce CO2-emissions. The use of wood for building purposes has the highest carbon mitigation potential, especially attributed to the high displacement factors and the long service life of products. The carbon mitigation of wooden building products is between 7.0 and 8.5 tCO2 per m³ of products and between 5.5 and 6.5 tCO2 per m³ of harvested wood respectively.
Nowadays, it is possible to build zero-energy houses or even positive energy buildings. Nevertheless, many incoherencies exists if we attach importance to the embodied energy of its constructions. The present paper lays on the logic of structural insulated panel which is used in many low-energy and passive houses and go further in order to reduce the global greenhouse gases emissions. For this purpose, cross-laminated timber is used instead of oriented strand board and the insulation used is made of wood wool. The structure, the technology and the thermal aspects are discussed as well as the fire resistance in order to show if its new product is economically and technically interesting. Results show that the embodied energy can be drastically reduced compared to the structural insulated panels. A wood consumption reduction of thirty percent can also be obtained compared to the classical cross-laminated timber construction.
This paper presents a design method for multi-story timber building with consideration of regulatory constraints. The objective is to optimize in the same time thermal, structural and environmental objectives taking into account the industrial feasibility. To set up this method and the appropriate tool a study case is developed and will be implemented.
During the last three decades there has been increasing concern within the scientific community about the effects of indoor air quality on health. Changes in building design devised to improve energy efficiency and has induced that modern homes and offices are frequently more airtight than older structures. Furthermore advances in construction technology have caused an extensive use of synthetic building materials. The construction process and the production of building materials not only consume the most energy they also have a big impact on the Global Warming Potential. While these improvements have led to more comfortable buildings with lower running costs, they also provide indoor environments in which contaminants are readily produced and may build up to much higher concentrations than outside. Because about 80-90% of our time is spent indoors, where we are exposed to chemical and biological contaminants and possibly carcinogens, the Indoor Environmental Quality plays an increasing role. The aim of this study was to develop building components out of sustainable natural materials for modular building concepts with regard to the Indoor Environmental Quality such as the air quality and the indoor climate, the temperature and humidity. To guarantee high Indoor Air Quality a mechanical ventilation system is part of the construction. It has to ensure a controlled air change with a minimum of dissipation of energy. Building parts were assembled to meet high energy efficiency Standards. For the construction parts wood, hemp, sheep wool and clay were used to meet the settled requirements. As a first result of this study two modular buildings were erected, in which the indoor air quality and the construction physics will be monitored in the next few years for generating valuable data.
The objective of this work was the development of environmentally-friendly, sustainable adhesive systems for the manufacture of engineered wood products (mainly glulam) to replace synthetic adhesives made from petrochemicals. Lignin-based adhesive systems were proven to provide industrial glulam products with performance comparable to the products produced with conventional gluing systems. The application of this innovative adhesives technology is expected to provide environmental and cost benefits and to lead to higher demand for glulam products when carbon neutral building solutions are sought.