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10 records – page 1 of 1.

100-Year Performance of Timber-Concrete Composite Bridges in the United States

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2561
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Serviceability
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Wacker, James
Dias, Alfredo
Hosteng, Travis
Year of Publication
2020
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Serviceability
Keywords
Concrete
Composite
Superstructure
Performance
Inspection
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Bridge Engineering
Summary
The use of timber–concrete composite (TCC) bridges in the United States dates back to approximately 1924 when the first bridge was constructed. Since then a large number of bridges have been built, of which more than 1,400 remain in service. The oldest bridges still in service are now more than 84 years old and predominately consist of two different TCC systems. The first system is a slab-type system that includes a longitudinal nail-laminated deck composite with a concrete deck top layer. The second system is a stringer system that includes either sawn timber or glulam stringers supporting a concrete deck top layer. The records indicate that most of the TCC highway bridges were constructed during the period of 1930–1960. The study presented in this paper discusses the experience and per-formance of these bridge systems in the US. The analysis is based on a review of the relevant literature and databases complemented with field inspections conducted within various research projects. Along with this review, a historical overview of the codes and guidelines available for the design of TCC bridges in the US is also included. The analysis undertaken showed that TCC bridges are an effective and durable design alternative for highway bridges once they have shown a high performance level, in some situations after more than 80 years in service with a low maintenance level.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Bridge Deterioration Quantification Protocol Using UAV

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1966
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Serviceability
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Duque, Luis
Seo, Junwon
Wacker, James
Publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Serviceability
Keywords
Bridge
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
UAV
Photogrammetry
Damage
Field Measurements
Pixel
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Bridge Engineering
Summary
This paper focuses on evaluating the effectiveness of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) as a supplementary bridge damage quantification tool. For this study, a glued-laminated timber arch bridge in South Dakota was selected, and an UAV was utilized for the bridge damage quantification. A recommended four-stage UAV-enabled bridge damage quantification protocol involving image quality assessment and image-based damage quantification was developed...
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Design and Dimensioning of a Complex Timber-Glass Hybrid Structure: The IFAM Pedestrian Bridge

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1797
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
Timber-Glass Composite
Application
Bridges and Spans
Hybrid Building Systems
Wood Building Systems
Author
Vallée, Till
Grunwald, Cordula
Milchert, Lena
Fecht, Simon
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Switzerland
Format
Journal Article
Material
Timber-Glass Composite
Application
Bridges and Spans
Hybrid Building Systems
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Joint
Bonding
Standards
Codes
Adhesive Connection
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Glass Structures & Engineering
ISSN
2363-5142
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Design Concept for a Greened Timber Truss Bridge in City Area

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2392
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Design and Systems
Environmental Impact
Material
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Kromoser, Benjamin
Ritt, Martin
Spitzer, Alexandra
Stangl, Rosemarie
Idam, Friedrich
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Material
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Design and Systems
Environmental Impact
Keywords
Wooden Trusses
Timber Bridges
Timber Engineering
Greened Structures
Vertical Green
Sustainable Structural Engineering
Digital Design
Parametric Design
Automated Construction
Resource-Efficient Structural Engineering
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Sustainability
Summary
Properly designed wooden truss bridges are environmentally compatible construction systems. The sharp decline in the erection of such structures in the past decades can be led back to the great effort needed for design and production. Digital parametric design and automated prefabrication approaches allow for a substantial improvement of the efficiency of design and manufacturing processes. Thus, if combined with a constructive wood protection following traditional building techniques, highly efficient sustainable structures are the result. The present paper describes the conceptual design for a wooden truss bridge drawn up for the overpass of a two-lane street crossing the university campus of one of Vienna’s main universities. The concept includes the greening of the structure as a shading design element. After an introduction, two Austrian traditional wooden bridges representing a good and a bad example for constructive wood protection are presented, and a state of the art of the production of timber trusses and greening building structures is given as well. The third part consists of the explanation of the boundary conditions for the project. Subsequently, in the fourth part, the conceptual design, including the design concept, the digital parametric design, the optimization, and the automated prefabrication concept, as well as the potential greening concept are discussed, followed by a summary and outlook on future research.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Drone-Enabled Bridge Inspection Methodology and Application

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1965
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Serviceability
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Seo, Junwon
Duque, Luis
Wacker, Jim
Publisher
Elsevier
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Serviceability
Keywords
UAV
Bridge
Inspection Methodology
Damage Identification
Field Application
Girder
Superstructure
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Automation in Construction
Summary
The field of Civil Engineering has lately gained increasing interest in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), commonly referred to as drones. Due to an increase of deteriorating bridges according to the report released by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), a more efficient and cost-effective alternative for bridge inspection is required. The goal of this paper was to analyze the effectiveness of drones as supplemental bridge inspection tools. In pursuit of this goal, the selected bridge for inspection was a three-span gluedlaminated timber girder with a composite concrete deck located near the city of Keystone in the state of South Dakota (SD)...
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Environmental and Economic Evaluation of Small-Scale Bridge Repair Using Cross-Laminated Timber Floor Slabs

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2397
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Design and Systems
Environmental Impact
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Bridges and Spans

Long Term Monitoring of Timber Bridges - Assessment and Results

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2124
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Moisture
Serviceability
Material
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Franke, Bettina
Franke, Steffen
Müller, Andreas
Vogel, Mareike
Scharmacher, Florian
Tannert, Thomas
Publisher
Trans Tech Publications
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Switzerland
Format
Journal Article
Material
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Moisture
Serviceability
Keywords
Monitoring
Bridge
Moisture Content
Climate
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Advanced Materials Research
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Moisture-Induced Stresses in Large Glulam Beams. Case Study: Vihantasalmi Bridge

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2468
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Moisture
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Beams
Bridges and Spans

Resistance Measurements to Find High Moisture Content Inclusions Adapted for Large Timber Bridge Cross-Sections

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2130
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Moisture
Material
Timber (unspecified)
Application
Bridges and Spans

Timber-Concrete Composite Bridges: State-of-the-Art Review

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2125
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Design and Systems
General Information
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Bridges and Spans

10 records – page 1 of 1.