The objectives of this project are to develop a design methodology and to demonstrate performance for exterior bearing CLT walls used in buildings subject to force protection requirements. This methodology should be published by U.S. Army Corp of Enginee...
In this paper, the linear buckling of Cross Laminated Timber walls is investigated. A 3D numerical study using finite-elements is presented for several Cross Laminated Timber geometries, ply configurations and boundary conditions. First, it is shown that critical buckling loads are close to the material failure load which proves the necessity...
International Convention of Society of Wood Science and Technology
June 23-27, 2014, Zvolen, Slovakia, p.761-768
Compressive strength of cross-laminated timber (CLT) is one of the important mechanical properties which should be considered in the design of mid-rise CLT building because it work to resist a heavy vertical bearing load from the upper level. The CLT panel can be manufactured in various combinations of the grade and dimension of lamina...
This series highlights five whole building life cycle assessments (WBLCAs) of buildings incorporating the building material known as cross-laminated timber (CLT) into some or all of their structure, using a primary cradle-to-grave system boundary. This case study series will serve as an educational resource for academics, professionals, and CLT project stakeholders. While there is some uncertainty about the best way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from architecture and construction, using CLT and other wood building materials is one possible means to reduce the emissions associated with a building’s materials. When forests are managed sustainably, wood construction materials can contribute to climate change mitigation goals as an indefinite carbon store and as a replacement of other fossil-fuel intensive materials. WBLCA is an assessment method to estimate the environmental impacts of buildings; this series offers insight into the current possibilities and limitations of WBLCA for CLT buildings. The series begins with background information on WBLCA methods and CLT, a review of previously published CLT building WBLCAs, and a life cycle assessment of an individual CLT wall element using the WBLCA softwares Tally® and Athena Impact Estimator for Buildings (Athena IE).
Cross-laminated timber has conquered new markets since the publication of volume I Basic design and engineering principles according to Eurocode. The present volume II describing Applications provides the designer of timber structures on the one hand with basics for design factors, mechanical properties and modelling with finite element method. On the other hand it describes in detail the design of floors, ribbed plates and walls e.g. by design approaches regarding forces in joints of plates and diaphragms, concentrated loads, openings, effective width and compression perpendicular to grain. Current scientific knowledge as well as experience from practical engineers is taken into account. 15 examples demonstrate the design approaches as references for practitioners. Closing background information for the shear correction coefficient, deformations due to concentrated loads and the modelling of crosslaminated timber as general grillage will illuminate the background and facilitate deeper understanding of the design with cross-laminated timber.