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521 records – page 1 of 53.

Bonding Performance of Adhesive Systems for Cross-Laminated Timber Treated with Micronized Copper Azole Type C (MCA-C)

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2200
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Design and Systems
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Lim, Hyungsuk
Tripathi, Sachin
Tang, Juliet
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2020
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Design and Systems
Connections
Keywords
Preservatives
Micronized Copper Azole-Type C
Bonding Performance
Delamination Tests
Block Shear Tests
Adhesives
Block Shear Strength
Wood Failure Percentage
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Construction and Building Materials
Summary
The feasibility of manufacturing cross-laminated timber (CLT) from southern yellow pine (United States grown) treated with micronized copper azole type C (MCA-C) preservative was evaluated. Lumber (2x6 visually graded no. 2 boards) was treated to two retention levels (1.0 and 2.4 kg/m3 ), planed to a thickness of 35 mm, and assembled along with an untreated control group using three adhesive systems following product specifications: melamine formaldehyde (MF), resorcinol formaldehyde (RF), and one-component polyurethane (PUR). Block shear and delamination tests were conducted to examine the bonding performance in accordance with ASTM D905 and ASTM D2559 Standards, respectively. One-way analysis of variance and Kruskal-Wallis H test were conducted to evaluate the effects of preservative retention and adhesive type on block shear strength (BSS) and wood failure percentage (WFP). Regardless of adhesive type, the 1.0 kg/m3 retention treatment significantly lowered BSS compared to the untreated control. CLT composed of the laminations treated at 2.4 kg/m3 maintained BSS when PUR and RF were used but not MF. The average WFP of each CLT configuration ranged from 89% to 99%. The untreated CLT specimens did not experience any delamination under accelerated weathering cycles. The delamination rates of the treated specimens assembled using MF and RF increased with the preservative retention level, while PUR provided delamination rates less than 1% to the laminations treated at both levels. These combined data suggest that, under the conditions tested, PUR provided overall better bonding performance than MF and RF for MCA-C treated wood.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Methods for Practice-Oriented Linear Analysis in Seismic Design of Cross Laminated Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2304
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Seismic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

The Economic and Emissions Benefits of Engineered Wood Products in a Low-Carbon Future

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2351
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Environmental Impact
Cost
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Other Materials
Application
Wood Building Systems

Predicting Failure of Notched Cross-Laminated Timber Plates Including the Effect of Environmental Stresses

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2354
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Nairn, John
Year of Publication
2020
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Design and Systems
Keywords
Delamination
Fracture Mechanisms
Residual Stresses
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Wood Material Science & Engineering
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Risk of Moisture in Diffusionally Open Roofs with Cross-Laminated Timber for Northern Coastal Climates

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2355
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Moisture
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Roofs
Author
Sadlowska-Salega, Agnieszka
Was, Krzysztof
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2020
Country of Publication
Switzerland
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Roofs
Topic
Moisture
Keywords
Moisture Condensation
Critical Moisture Content
Diffusively Open
Hygrothermal Calculation
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Buildings
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Predicting Fire Resistance Ratings of Timber Structures Using Artificial Neural Networks

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2383
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Fire
Application
Wood Building Systems
Floors
Author
Tung, Pham Thanh
Hung, Pham Thanh
Publisher
National University of Civil Engineering
Year of Publication
2020
Country of Publication
Vietnam
Format
Journal Article
Application
Wood Building Systems
Floors
Topic
Fire
Keywords
Artificial Neural Network
Fire Resistance
Sensitivity Analysis
Wooden Floor Assembly
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Science and Technology in Civil Engineering
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Review of State of the Art of Dowel Laminated Timber Members and Densified Wood Materials as Sustainable Engineered Wood Products for Construction and Building Applications

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2385
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Use of Timber for the Sustainable City Growth and its Role in the Climate Change

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2386
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Environmental Impact
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Hamadyk, E
Amado, M
de Brito, J
Publisher
IOP Publishing Ltd
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Environmental Impact
Keywords
Sustainability
Embodied Carbon
Carbon Emissions
Construction
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Summary
According to the predictions of United Nations (2017) there are more than 7 billion people on Earth and this number will reach 9.7 billion by 2050. Today, most of the population lives in the urban areas and the rapid growth entails more construction in a housing sector. Since the industrial revolution the world has experienced countless technological attainments and on the other hand risky increase in natural resources use, energy consumption, greenhouse gases emission, ozone depletion, toxification and global temperature rising. The question how the cities can respond to urban growth is related to the sustainable goals of Agenda 2030. This research discusses potential of the usage of timber as construction material and it also brings the answer to this question. The wood is 100% renewable, recyclable and nontoxic material with capacity to absorb CO2 and perform low embodied energy. The increase of timber use in the construction contributes to sustainable development and to the reduction of waste, CO2 emission, as well as energy consumption. The aim of this paper is to discuss the advantages of using timber as a sustainable solution in urban context, in comparison with most commonly used concrete. The findings demonstrate the value of timber as sustainable construction material.
Online Access
Free
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Seismic Design of Timber Buildings: Highlighted Challenges and Future Trends

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2388
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Stepinac, Mislav
Šušteršic, Iztok
Gavric, Igor
Rajcic, Vlatka
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Keywords
Seismic Design
Tall Timber Buildings
Timber Composites
Seismic Retrofitting
Eurocode 8
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Applied Sciences
Summary
Use of timber as a construction material has entered a period of renaissance since the development of high-performance engineered wood products, enabling larger and taller buildings to be built. In addition, due to substantial contribution of the building sector to global energy use, greenhouse gas emissions and waste production, sustainable solutions are needed, for which timber has shown a great potential as a sustainable, resilient and renewable building alternative, not only for single family homes but also for mid-rise and high-rise buildings. Both recent technological developments in timber engineering and exponentially increased use of engineered wood products and wood composites reflect in deficiency of current timber codes and standards. This paper presents an overview of some of the current challenges and emerging trends in the field of seismic design of timber buildings. Currently existing building codes and the development of new generation of European building codes are presented. Ongoing studies on a variety topics within seismic timber engineering are presented, including tall timber and hybrid buildings, composites with timber and seismic retrofitting with timber. Crucial challenges, key research needs and opportunities are addressed and critically discussed.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Design Concept for a Greened Timber Truss Bridge in City Area

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2392
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Design and Systems
Environmental Impact
Application
Bridges and Spans
Author
Kromoser, Benjamin
Ritt, Martin
Spitzer, Alexandra
Stangl, Rosemarie
Idam, Friedrich
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Application
Bridges and Spans
Topic
Design and Systems
Environmental Impact
Keywords
Wooden Trusses
Timber Bridges
Timber Engineering
Greened Structures
Vertical Green
Sustainable Structural Engineering
Digital Design
Parametric Design
Automated Construction
Resource-Efficient Structural Engineering
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Sustainability
Summary
Properly designed wooden truss bridges are environmentally compatible construction systems. The sharp decline in the erection of such structures in the past decades can be led back to the great effort needed for design and production. Digital parametric design and automated prefabrication approaches allow for a substantial improvement of the efficiency of design and manufacturing processes. Thus, if combined with a constructive wood protection following traditional building techniques, highly efficient sustainable structures are the result. The present paper describes the conceptual design for a wooden truss bridge drawn up for the overpass of a two-lane street crossing the university campus of one of Vienna’s main universities. The concept includes the greening of the structure as a shading design element. After an introduction, two Austrian traditional wooden bridges representing a good and a bad example for constructive wood protection are presented, and a state of the art of the production of timber trusses and greening building structures is given as well. The third part consists of the explanation of the boundary conditions for the project. Subsequently, in the fourth part, the conceptual design, including the design concept, the digital parametric design, the optimization, and the automated prefabrication concept, as well as the potential greening concept are discussed, followed by a summary and outlook on future research.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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521 records – page 1 of 53.