This paper related to elimination of the deficiencies. The behaviour of multi-storey buildings braced with cores and CLT shear walls is examined based on numerical analyses. Two procedure for calibrating numerical analysis models are proposed using information from Eurocode 5  and specific experimental test data. This includes calibration of parameters that characterise connections between CLT panels and other CLT panels, building cores and shear walls. The aim is to make the characterizations of behaviours of connections that reflect how those connections perform within complete multi-storey superstructures, rather than in isolation or as parts of substructures. The earthquake action for cases studied was according to Eurocode 8  and using the appropriate behaviour factor (q factor). Results of analyses of entire buildings are presented in terms of principal elastic periods, base shear and up-lift forces. Discussion addresses key issues associated with behaviour of such systems and modelling them. Obtained results permit creation of appropriate guidelines and rules for design of the aforementioned types of hybrid buildings incorporating CLT wall panels.
Cross-Laminated-Timber (CLT) is increasingly gaining popularity in residential and non-residential applications in North America. To use CLT as lateral load resisting system, individual panels need to be connected. In order to provide in-plane shear connections, CLT panels may be joined with a variety of options including the use of self-tapping-screws (STS) in surface splines and half-lap joints. Alternatively, STS can be installed at an angle to the plane allowing for simple butt joints and avoiding any machining. This study investigated the performance of CLT panel assemblies connected with STS under vertical shear loading. The three aforementioned options were applied to join 3ply and 5-ply CLT panels. A total of 60 mid-scale quasi-static shear tests were performed to determine and compare the connection performance in terms of strength, stiffness, and ductility. It was shown that – depending on the screw layout – either very stiff or very ductile joint performance can be achieved.
International Conference on Structural Health Assessment of Timber Structures
September 9-11, 2015, Wroclaw, Poland
A timber building made of cross-laminated timber (CLT) panels is a modular system where all panels are pre-cut in factory. On site, the single components are then assembled connecting the panels with mechanical fasteners, mainly angle brackets with nails and/or screws, hold-downs, metal plates and self-tapping screws. CLT wall panels are very rigid in comparison to its connections. Thus, connections play an essential role in maintaining the integrity of the structure providing the necessary strength, stiffness and ductility, and consequently, they need close attention by designers. However, there is still a lack of proper design rules for these connections, in particular under cyclic loads, mainly due to a large variety of connectors and connection systems. In this paper, the different properties of connections for CLT buildings, on both monotonic and cyclic behaviour, are described using recent works from different authors. From the bibliography, it is clear that experimental data, regarding both monotonic and cyclic tests, is required for the assessment of the performance of the CLT structural system attending to the interaction between rigid panels and connections. This work evidences results from experimental campaigns and numerical analysis regarding definition and quantification of the cyclic response of CLT connections. Examples regarding monotonic and cyclic tests aimed to evaluate cyclic behaviour of connections through physical parameters, such as the impairment of strength and the damping ratio, are presented and discussed.