New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering Conference
April 13-15, 2012, Christchurch, New Zealand
The Nelson Marlborough Institute of Technology Arts and Media building was completed in 2011 and consists of three seismically separate complexes. This research focussed on the Arts building as it showcases the use of coupled post-tensioned timber shear walls. These are part of the innovative Expan system...
This paper describes the design of a system to monitor floor vibrations in an office building and an analysis of several months worth of collected data. Floors of modern office buildings are prone to occupant-induced vibrations. The contributing factors ...
Cross-laminated timber (CLT) is proving to be a promising solution for wood to compete in building sectors where steel and concrete have traditionally predominated. Studies at FPInnovations found that bare CLT floor systems differ from traditional lightweight wood joisted floors with typical mass around 4 lb./ft2 (20 kg/m2) and fundamental natural frequency above 15 Hz, and heavy concrete slab floors with a mass above 40 lb./ft2 (200 kg/m2) and fundamental natural frequency below 8 Hz. Based on FPInnovations' test results, bare CLT floors were found to have mass varying from approximately 6 lb./ft2 (30 kg/m2) to 30 lb./ft2 (150 kg/m2), and a fundamental natural frequency above 9 Hz. Due to these special properties, the existing standard vibration controlled design methods for lightweight and heavy floors may not be applicable for CLT floors. ...
The intent of this Chapter is to answer simple questions related to the definition of sound, its sources, quantification and methods of measurement, acceptable levels of sound, differences between sound and noise, etc. Of course, when verbalizing such questions, the solutions for sound control will be naturally unfolded to readers. This Chapter is intended to thoroughly separate myth from reality. The Chapter also introduces the International Building Code (IBC) requirements for sound insulation in buildings. State of the art construction details for CLT walls and floor/ceiling assemblies generally meeting IBC requirements are provided herein and are based on results of tests performed in various laboratories in the world and in the field by FPInnovations. A step by step construction practices guide then leads the reader towards the final goal, which is the occupants' satisfaction. We expect that after reading this Chapter, the reader will be in a position to acknowledge that CLT buildings can achieve satisfactory sound insulation levels if proper design and installation are followed. Note that, considering the short history of CLT construction, the journey is only beginning.