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Timber-Concrete Composite Connectors in Flat-Plate Engineered Wood Products

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1275
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Gerber, Adam
Organization
University of British Columbia
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Thesis
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Keywords
Strength
Stiffness
Shear Tests
Bending Tests
Vibration Tests
Dynamic Properties
Finite Element Model
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Timber-Concrete Composite (TCC) systems are comprised of a timber element connected to a concrete slab through a mechanical shear connection. When TCC are used as flexural elements, the concrete and timber are located in compression and tension zones, respectively. A large number of precedents for T-beam configurations exist; however, the growing availability of flat plate engineered wood products (EWPs) in North America in combination with a concrete topping has offered designers and engineers greater versatility in terms of architectural expression and structural and building physics performance. The focus of this investigation was to experimentally determine the properties for a range of proprietary, open source, and novel TCC systems in several Canadian EWPs. Strength and stiffness properties were determined for 45 different TCC configurations based on over 300 small-scale shear tests. Nine connector configurations were selected for implementation in full-scale bending and vibration tests. Eighteen floor panels were tested for elastic stiffness under a quasi-static loading protocol and measurements of the dynamic properties were obtained prior to loading to failure. The tests confirmed that both hand calculations according to the -method and more detailed FEM models can predict the basic stiffness and dynamic properties of TCC floors within a reasonable degree of accuracy; floor capacities were more difficult to predict, however, failure did usually not occur until loading reached 10 times serviceability requirements. The research demonstrated that all selected connector configurations produced efficient timber-concrete-composite systems.
Online Access
Free
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Performance of Notched Connectors for CLT-Concrete Composite Floors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2656
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Van Thai, Minh
Ménard, Sylvain
Elachachi, Sidi Mohammed
Galimard, Philippe
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Keywords
Notched Connections
Finite Element Model
Connectors
Deconstructable Connections
Screw
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Buildings
Summary
CLT-concrete composite floor systems are a solution for timber buildings with a long-span floor. It yields a reduction of carbon footprint and even eco-friendly structure at the end of its service life. This study will evaluate the structural performance of notched connectors in the CLT-concrete composite floor, comprised of the serviceability stiffness, maximum load, and behavior at failure. The parameters of the test plan are the loaded edge length, the notch depth, the concrete thickness, and the screw length. Other secondary variables are also assessed, such as different loading sequences, speed of test, and timber moisture content. Experimental results prove that the performance of the connector depends significantly but not linearly on the notch depth and the length of the loaded edge. The connector with a deeper notch and a shorter heel will be stiffer and more robust, but it also tends to have a brittle rupture. The test results also help validate a solution for deconstructable connector systems. A nonlinear finite element model of the connector is built and validated versus the experimental results. It yields reasonably good predictions in terms of resistance and can capture the load-slip relationship.
Online Access
Free
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Extended End Plate Semi-Rigid Composite Joints with CLT Panels and Demountable Shear Connectors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2059
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Frames

Coupled Timber–Concrete Ceiling Using Bonded Shear Connectors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue886
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Ceilings
Author
Cajka, Radim
Burkovic, Kamil
Publisher
Scientific.net
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Switzerland
Format
Journal Article
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Ceilings
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Keywords
Shear Connector
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Advanced Materials Research
Summary
This paper deals with the possibilities of using coupled timber-concrete structures by means a glued coupling bar. The described process of static reinforcement is particularly suitable for reconstruction of historic timber ceilings and places where it is necessary to prevent damage to non-supporting structures (e.g. ceiling, plaster, stucco decorations, etc.). The method is also employed in those cases where it is necessary to allow traffic-flow in the rooms below the reconstructed ceiling. The article describes the specific technological process that has been examined in the reconstruction of the ceiling structure of a house on Sokolska Street in Ostrava. Following experimental testing in laboratories at the Faculty of Civil Engineering VSB - TU Ostrava the technology of bonded shear bars under static reinforcement of timber ceilings was first applied and successfully tested in construction practice.
Online Access
Free
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Experimental Behavior of a Continuous Metal Connector for a Wood-Concrete Composite System

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue730
Year of Publication
2004
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Floors
Author
Clouston, Peggi
Civjan, Scott
Bathon, Leander
Publisher
Forest Products Society
Year of Publication
2004
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Pine
US
Continuous Steel Mesh
Steel Connectors
Push-Out Tests
Shear Strength
Stiffness
Bending Tests
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Forest Products Journal
Summary
The benefits of using shear connectors to join wood beams to a concrete slab in a composite floor or deck system are many. Studies throughout the world have demonstrated significantly improved strength, stiffness, and ductility properties from such connection systems as well as citing practical building advantages such as durability, sound insulation, and fire resistance. In this study, one relatively new shear connector system that originated in Germany has been experimentally investigated for use with U.S. manufactured products. The connector system consists of a continuous steel mesh of which one half is glued into a southern pine Parallam® Parallel Strand Lumber beam and the other half embedded into a concrete slab to provide minimal interlayer slip. A variety of commercial epoxies were tested for shear strength and stiffness in standard shear or “push out” tests. The various epoxies resulted in a variety of shear constitutive behaviors; however, for two glue types,shear failure occurred in the steel connector resulting in relatively high initial stiffness and ductility as well as good repeatability. Slip moduli and ultimate strength values are presented and discussed. Full-scale bending tests, using the best performing adhesive as determined from the shear tests, were also conducted. Results indicate consistent, near-full composite action system behavior
Online Access
Free
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Behavior of Timber-Concrete Composite Beams with Two Types of Steel Dowel Connectors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1996
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Beams
Author
Molina, Julio
Calil Junior, Carlito
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
South Korea
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Beams
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Steel Dowels
Strength
Stiffness
Mohler Model
Shear Tests
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Deconstructable Timber-Concrete Composite Connectors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2740
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Connections
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Derikvand, Mohammad
Fink, Gerhard
Publisher
Society of Wood Science & Technology
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Connections
Keywords
Deconstructable Connections
Deconstructable Connector
TCC
Push-Out Tests
Shear Strength
Slip Modulus
Failure Mode
Self-Tapping Screws
Language
English
Conference
Society of Wood Science and Technology International Convention
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The application of deconstructable connectors in timber-concrete composite (TCC) floors enables the possibility of disassembly and reuse of timber materials at the end of building’s life. This paper introduces the initial concept of a deconstructable TCC connector comprised of a self-tapping screw embedded in a plug made of rigid polyvinyl chloride and a level adjuster made of silicone rubber. This connection system is versatile and can be applied for prefabrication and in-situ concrete casting of TCC floors in both wet-dry and dry-dry systems. The paper presents the results of preliminary tests on the shear performance of four different configurations of the connector system in T-section glulam-concrete composites. The shear performance is compared to that of a permanent connector made with the same type of self-tapping screw. The failure modes observed are also analyzed to provide technical information for further optimization of the connector in the future.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Shear Capacity of Stud-Groove Connector in Glulam-Concrete Composite Structure

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2217
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Timber-Concrete Composite

Timber-Concrete Composites Using Flat-Plate Engineered Wood Products

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue616
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Design and Systems
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Gerber, Adam
Tannert, Thomas
Organization
Structures Congress
Publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Design and Systems
Connections
Keywords
Concrete Topping
Mid-Scale
Push-Out Tests
Language
English
Conference
Structures Congress 2015
Research Status
Complete
Notes
April 23–25, 2015, Portland, Oregon, USA
Summary
Timber-Concrete Composite (TCC) systems have been employed as an efficient solution in medium span structural applications; their use remains largely confined to European countries. TCC systems are generally comprised of a timber and concrete element with a shear connection between. A large number of precedents for T-beam configurations exist; however, the growing availability of flat plate engineered wood products (EWPs) in North America has offered designers greater versatility in terms of floor plans and architectural expression in modern timber and hybrid structures. The opportunity exists to enhance the strength, stiffness, fire, and vibration performance of floors using these products by introducing a concrete topping, connected to the timber to form a composite. A research program at the University of British Columbia Vancouver investigates the performance of five different connector types (a post-installed screw system, cast-in screws, glued-in steel mesh, adhesive bonded, and mechanical interlocking) in three different EWPs (Cross-Laminated-Timber, Laminated-Veneer-Lumber, and Laminated-Strand-Lumber). Over 200 mid-scale push-out tests were performed in the first stage of experimental work to evaluate the connector performance and to optimize the design of subsequent vibration and bending testing of full-scale specimens, including specimens subjected to long-term loading.
Online Access
Payment Required
Resource Link
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Performance of Timber-Concrete Composite Floors Using Flat-Plate Engineered Wood Products

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1618
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Floors
Author
Gerber, Adam
Popovski, Marjan
Tannert, Thomas
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Strength
Stiffness
Small Scale
Shear Tests
Elastic Stiffness
Quasi-Static
Loading
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 2397-2406
Summary
Timber-Concrete Composite (TCC) systems are comprised of a timber element connected to a concrete slab through a mechanical shear connection. A large number of T-beam configurations currently exist; however, the growing availability of panel-type engineered wood products (EWPs) in North America in combination with a concrete topping has offered designers and engineers greater versatility in terms of architectural expression and structural and building physics performance. The focus of this investigation was to experimentally determine the properties for a range of TCC systems in several EWPs. Strength and stiffness properties were determined for different TCC configurations based on small-scale shear tests. Eighteen floor panels were tested for elastic stiffness under a quasi-static loading protocol and measurements of the dynamic properties were obtained prior to loading to failure. The tests confirmed that calculations according to the -method can predict the basic stiffness and dynamic properties of TCC floors within a reasonable degree of accuracy. Floor capacities were more difficult to predict, however, failure occurred at loads that were between four and ten times serviceability requirements. The research demonstrated that all selected connector configurations produced efficient timber-concrete-composite systems.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

10 records – page 1 of 1.