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10 records – page 1 of 1.

Application of Translational Tuned-Mass Dampers on Seven Storey Building Tested within the SOPHIE Project

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue493
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Seismic
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Poh’sié, Guillaume
Rinaldin, Giovanni
Fragiacomo, Massimo
Amadio, Claudio
Ceccotti, Ario
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Seismic
Connections
Keywords
finite element
Abaqus
Tuned Mass Dampers
Cyclic Behaviour
Dynamic Analysis
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
The paper presents a numerical study conducted on a seven storey cross-laminated (X-lam) buildings equipped with translational Tuned Mass Dampers (TMD’s), as a technique for reducing the notoriously high drifts and maximum seismic accelerations of these types of structures. The building was modelled in the finite element software package Abaqus using 2D elastic shell elements and non-linear springs, which were implemented as an external user subroutine and properly calibrated to simulate the cyclic behavior of connectors in X-lam buildings. The used TMD device is linear, and placed on the top of the building. Time-history dynamic analyses were carried out under natural earthquake ground motions. Several comparisons between the response of the structure with and without TMD are presented, and the effectiveness and limits of these devices to improve the seismic performance of X-lam buildings are critically discussed.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Seismic Analysis of Cross-Laminated Multistory Timber Buildings Using Code-Prescribed Methods: Influence of Panel Size, Connection Ductility, and Schematization

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue566
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Seismic
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Sustersic, Iztok
Fragiacomo, Massimo
Dujic, Bruno
Publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Seismic
Connections
Keywords
Multi-Story
FE Analysis
Geometry
Vertical Load
Friction
Stiffness
Strength
Ductility
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Structural Engineering
Summary
This paper presents the results of an experimental study whose objective was to investigate the behavior of a hybrid wood shear-wall system defined herein as a combination of traditional light-frame wood shear walls with post-tensioned rocking Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT) panels. The post-tensioned CLT panels in the hybrid system offer both vertical and lateral load resistance and self-centering capacities. The traditional Light-Frame Wood Systems (LiFS) provide additional lateral load resistance along with a large amount of energy dissipation through the friction of nail connections. Thus, a combination of these two types of structures, in which traditional light-frame wood shearwalls are utilized as structural partition walls, may provide an excellent structural solution for mid-rise to tall wood buildings for apartments/condos, where there is a need for resisting large lateral and vertical loads as well as structural stability. In this study, a real-time hybrid testing algorithm using a combination of time-delay updating and Newmark-Beta feed forward to reduce the undesirable effects of time delay was introduced. The top two-stories of a three-story building were modeled as a numerical substructure with the first story as the experimental CLT-LiFS substructure. The experimental results of the hybrid wall are presented and discussed in this paper.
Online Access
Free
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Cross-Laminated Timber Engineering: Improvement and Application

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1366
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Energy Consumption Analysis of Multistory Cross-Laminated Timber Residential Buildings: A Comparative Study

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue695
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Energy Performance
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Khavari, Ali
Pei, Shiling
Tabares-Velasco, Paulo
Publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Energy Performance
Keywords
Energy Consumption
Energy Efficiency
Residential
Sensitivity Analysis
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Architectural Engineering
Summary
Cross laminated timber (CLT) is a new panelized mass timber product that is suitable for building tall wood buildings (higher than eight stories) because of its structural robustness and superior fire resistance as compared with traditional light-framed ...
Online Access
Free
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Displacement-Based Design of Reinforced Concrete Moment Resisting Frame Incorporating Cross Laminated Timber Infill and Metallic Damper Connector

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1266
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Seismic
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Hybrid Building Systems

An Uplift Friction Damper for Seismically Resilient Mass-Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2799
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Hybrid Building Systems
Organization
Michigan Technological University
Country of Publication
United States
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Hybrid Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Keywords
Seismic Force Resisting System
Uplift Friction Damper
Energy Dissipation
Self-Centering
Numerical Model
Tall Wood Buildings
National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program
Research Status
In Progress
Notes
Project contact is Daniel Dowden at Michigan Technological University
Summary
This award will investigate a low-damage solution for cross-laminated timber (CLT) seismic force-resisting systems (SFRSs) using a novel uplift friction damper (UFD) device for seismically resilient mass-timber buildings. The UFD device will embrace the natural rocking wall behavior that is expected in tall CLT buildings, provide stable energy dissipation, and exhibit self-centering characteristics. Structural repair of buildings with these devices is expected to be minimal after a design level earthquake. Although CLT has emerged as a construction material that has revitalized the timber industry, there exists a lack of CLT-specific seismic energy dissipation devices that can integrate holistically with the natural kinematics of CLT-based SFRSs. CLT wall panels themselves do not provide any measurable seismic energy dissipation. As a payload to the large-scale, ten-story CLT building specimen to be tested on the Natural Hazards Engineering Research Infrastructure (NHERI) shake table at the University of California, San Diego, as part of NSF award 1636164, “Collaborative Research: A Resilience-based Seismic Design Methodology for Tall Wood Buildings,” this project will conduct a series of tests with the UFD devices installed on the CLT building specimen. These tests will bridge analytical and numerical models with the high fidelity test data collected with realistic boundary and earthquake loading conditions. The calibrated models will be incorporated in a probabilistic numerical framework to establish a design methodology for seismically resilient tall wood buildings, leading to a more diverse and eco-sustainable urban landscape. This project will provide local elementary school outreach activities, integrate participation of undergraduate minorities and underrepresented groups into the research activities, and foster graduate level curriculum innovations. Project data will be archived and made available publicly in the NSF-supported NHERI Data Depot (https://www.DesignSafe-CI.org). This award contributes to NSF's role in the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP). The research objectives of this payload project are to: 1) bridge the fundamental mechanistic UFD models linking analytical and numerical models necessary for seismic response prediction of seismically resilient CLT-based SFRSs, 2) characterize the fundamental dynamic UFD behavior with validation and calibration through large-scale tests with realistic boundary conditions and earthquake loadings, and 3) integrate low-damage, friction-based damping system alternatives within a resilience-based seismic design methodology for tall wood buildings. To achieve these objectives, the test data collected will provide a critical pathway to reliably establish numerical and analytical models that extend the shake table test results to a broad range of archetype buildings. The seismic performance of mass-timber archetype building systems will be established through collapse risk assessment using incremental dynamic analyses. This will provide a first step in the longer term goal of establishing code-based seismic performance factors for CLT-based SFRSs.
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Assessing the Seismic Performance of Screws Used in Timber Structures by Means of Cyclic Bending Tests

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1946
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Connections
Seismic
Application
Walls
Floors

Displacement Design Procedure for Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) Rocking Walls with Sacrificial Dampers

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue395
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Author
Gu, Mengzhe
Pang, Weichiang
Schiff, Scott
Organization
Structures Congress
Publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Keywords
Energy Dissipation
Ductile Behavior
U-Shaped Flexural Plates
Self-centering Mechanism
Language
English
Conference
Structures Congress 2015
Research Status
Complete
Notes
April 23–25, 2015, Portland, Oregon, USA
Summary
This paper presents the preliminary design of a rocking Cross-laminated Timber (CLT) wall using a displacement-based design procedure. The CLT wall was designed to meet three performance expectations: immediate occupancy (IO), life safety (LS), and collapse prevention (CP). Each performance expectation is defined in terms of an inter-story drift limit with a predefined non-exceedance probability at a given hazard level. U-shape flexural plates were used to connect the vertical joint between the CLT panels to obtain a ductile behavior and adequate energy dissipation during seismic motion. A design method for ensuring self-centering mechanism is also presented.
Online Access
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Application of Analysis Tools From Newbuilds Research Network in Design of a High-Rise Wood Building

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue278
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Organization
NEWBuildS
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Market and Adoption
Keywords
High-Rise
British Columbia Building Code
Mixed-Use
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
In this project, a conceptual but realistic 20-storey building of hybrid construction incorporating massive timber panels and other structural materials was identified. The project team, consisting of three practicing consultants and 6 graduate student and post-doctoral researchers from NEWBuildS, undertook an analysis and engineering design of the demonstration building. An advisory group that includes FPInnovations scientists, NEWBuildS supervisors of the graduate students and Post Doctoral Fellows, provides technical support to the project team. The performance attributes addressed in the project were structural performance under seismic and wind load, fire resistance and building envelope. . This publication documents the analysis and design of the demonstration building, and identifies technical issues that require further study.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Developing an Application for Mass Plywood Panels in Seismic and Energy Wall Retrofit

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2568
Topic
Energy Performance
Seismic
Material
MPP (Mass Plywood Panel)
Application
Walls
Building Envelope
Organization
University of Oregon
Oregon State University
TallWood Design Institute
Country of Publication
United States
Material
MPP (Mass Plywood Panel)
Application
Walls
Building Envelope
Topic
Energy Performance
Seismic
Keywords
Retrofit
Assembly
Prefabrication
Research Status
In Progress
Notes
Project contact is Mark Fretz at the University of Oregon
Summary
University of Oregon and Oregon State University are collaborating through TallWood Design Institute (TDI) to upgrade aging, energy inefficient and seismically unprepared multifamily housing by developing a mass plywood (MPP) retrofit panel assembly that employs digital workflows and small diameter logs (down to 5") to create an economically viable energy/seismic retrofit model for the West Coast and beyond. The project has broad potential to support forested federal land management agencies and private forestry by proving a new market for small diameter logs.
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10 records – page 1 of 1.