Skip header and navigation

Refine Results By

10 records – page 1 of 1.

Surface Burning Characteristics of Glulam Decking

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue385
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Fire
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Decking
Author
Dagenais, Christian
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Decking
Topic
Fire
Keywords
Flame Spread
Thermally Thick Solids
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The key objective of this study was to evaluate the surface burning characteristics (flame spread rating) of glued-laminated timber (glulam) decking in accordance with CAN/ULC S102 test method [1]. This is part of a test series aimed at evaluating the flame spread rating of mass timber components, such as cross-laminated timber (CLT) and structural somposite lumber (SCL). More specifically, this study is solely focused on mass timber assemblies that are thick enough to be treated theoretically as semi-infinite solids (thermally thick solids) as opposed to thermally-thin, which is typical of traditional combustible finish products. The tested specimen in this series meets the provisions related to "heavy timber construction", per paragraph 3.1.4.7 of Division B of the National Building Code of Canada.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Surface Burning Characteristics of Massive Timber Assemblies

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue397
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Fire
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Dagenais, Christian
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Fire
Keywords
Flame Spread
National Building Code of Canada
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
In an objective to evaluate the surface burning characteristics of massive timber assemblies such as CLT and SCL, flame spread tests on massive timber assemblies have been conducted in accordance with ULC S102 test method. This study evaluated the flame spread of fully exposed massive timber specimens (i.e. untreated/uncoated) as well as the effect on flame spread by using intumescent coating with CLT. Test results provide low flame spread ratings when compared to those of common combustible interior finish materials provided in Appendix D-3 of NBCC. Specifically, the obtained flame spread ratings of 3-ply CLT assemblies of 105 mm in thickness are 35 and 25 for a fully exposed CLT (untreated) and for a CLT panel protected by intumescent coating respectively. Fully exposed SCL of 89 mm in thickness provided ratings of 35 and 75 for parallel strand lumber (PSL) and laminated strand lumber (LSL) respectively.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Fire-Resistance Test Report of E1 Stress Grade Cross-Laminated Timber Assemblies

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue356
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Fire
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Floors
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Floors
Topic
Fire
Keywords
National Building Code of Canada
Fire Resistance
Type X Gypsum Board
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
A series of 3 cross-laminated timber (CLT) fire-resistance tests were conducted in accordance with ULC S101 standard as required in the National Building Code of Canada. The first two tests were 3-ply wall assemblies which were 105 mm thick, one unprotected and the other protected with an intumescent coating, FLAMEBLOC® GS 200, on the exposed surface. The walls were loaded to 295 kN/m (20 250 lb./ft.). The unprotected assembly failed structurally after 32 minutes, and the protected assembly failed after 25 minutes. The third test consisted of a 175 mm thick 5-ply CLT floor assembly which used wood I-joists, resilient channels, insulation and 15.9 mm ( in.) Type X gypsum board protection. A uniform load of 5.07 kPa (106 lb./ft²) was applied. The floor assembly failed after 138 min due to integrity.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Evaluating Fire Performance of Nail-Laminated Timber: Surface Flammability

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2094
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Fire
Design and Systems
Material
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Dagenais, Christian
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Fire
Design and Systems
Keywords
Flame Spread
Fire Safety
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The objective of this project is to establish fundamental fire performance data for the design and specification of NLT assemblies; this project specially addresses determining FSRs for NLT. The goal of this project is to confirm that NLT, when used as a mass timber element, has a lower FSR than standard thickness SPF boards when tested individually and flatwise. The project also considers how the surface profiles, design details, and the direction of an assembly might influence flame spread. This includes the evaluation of typical architectural features, such as a 'fluted' profile.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

A Review of Factors Affecting the Burning Behaviour of Wood for Application to Tall Timber Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2504
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Fire
Design and Systems
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Bartlett, Alastair
Hadden, Rory
Bisby, Luke
Publisher
Springer
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Fire
Design and Systems
Keywords
Pyrolysis
Charring
Fire Safety Engineering
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Fire Technology
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Acoustic Characteristics of Cross-Laminated Timber Systems

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2618
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Di Bella, Antonino
Mitrovic, Milica
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Design and Systems
Keywords
Wooden Building Technology
Building Acoustics
Noise Control
Flanking Transmission
Energy Efficiency
Sustainability
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Sustainability
Summary
The growing diffusion of cross-laminated timber structures (CLT) has been accompanied by extensive research on the peculiar characteristics of this construction system, mainly concerning its economic and environmental benefits, lifecycle, structural design, resistance to seismic actions, fire protection, and energy efficiency. Nevertheless, some aspects have not yet been fully analysed. These include both the knowledge of noise protection that CLT systems are able to offer in relation to the possible applications and combinations of building elements, and the definition of calculation methods necessary to support the acoustic design. This review focuses on the main acoustic features of CLT systems and investigate on the results of the most relevant research aimed to provide key information on the application of acoustic modelling in CLT buildings. The vibro-acoustic behaviour of the basic component of this system and their interaction through the joints has been addressed, as well as the possible ways to manage acoustic information for calculation accuracy improvement by calibration with data from on-site measurements during the construction phase. This study further suggests the opportunity to improve measurement standards with specific reference curves for the bare CLT building elements, in order to compare different acoustic linings and assemblies on the same base. In addition, this study allows to identify some topics in the literature that are not yet fully clarified, providing some insights on possible future developments in research and for the optimization of these products.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Development of Cross-Laminated Timber (CLT) Products from Stress Graded Canadian Hem-Fir

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2595
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Wei, Peixing
Wang, Brad
Li, Zhong
Ju, Ronghua
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Hem-Fir
Modulus of Elasticity
Modulus of Rupture
Stress-Graded Lumber
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Wood Research
Summary
To explore the feasibility of hem-fir for CLT products, this work addressed the exploratory and pilot plant studies of hem-fir cross-laminated timber (CLT) products through mechanical tests. The hem-fir lumber was procured and then stress-graded based on dynamic modulus of elasticity (MOE). The resulted 5-ply prototype CLT products were then tested non-destructively and 3-ply pilot plant hem-fir CLT was tested destructively. The results showed that bending performance of hem-fir CLT panel can be predicted. Considering cost-competitiveness and end applications of hem-fir CLT products, the panel structure can be optimized based on the stress-graded data of hem-fir lumber.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Surface Flammability and Flame-spread Ratings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2757
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Fire
Application
Walls
Ceilings
Floors
Organization
Canadian Wood Council
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Book/Guide
Application
Walls
Ceilings
Floors
Topic
Fire
Keywords
Flame Spread
Flame Spread Rating
Surface Flammability
National Building Code of Canada
Testing Methods
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The rate at which flame spreads on the exposed interior surfaces or a room or space can have an impact on the rate of fire growth within an area, especially if the materials of the exposed surfaces are highly flammable. Therefore, the National Building Code of Canada (NBC) regulates the surface flammability of any material that forms part of the interior surface of walls, ceilings and, in some cases, floors, in buildings. Based on a standard fire-test method, the NBC uses a rating system to quantify surface flammability that allows comparison of one material to another, and the ratings within that system are called flame-spread ratings (FSR).
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Creep and Duration Of Load Characteristics of Cross Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue692
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Nakajima, Shiro
Miyatake, Atsushi
Shibuwasa, Tatsuya
Araki, Yasuhiro
Yamaguchi, Nobuyoshi
Haramiishi, Takeshi
Ando, Naoto
Yasumura, Motoi
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Cedar
Creep
Duration of Load
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
Creep and duration of load characteristics of cross laminated timber (CLT) were evaluated from the test results of creep and duration of tests. Japanese Ceder (Cryptomeria japonica) was chosen for the specie for the laminations of the test specimens and API was chosen for the adhesive. The results are summarized as follows: (1) The creep factor [i.e. (Initial deflection + Creep deflection) / Initial deflection] for CLT was evaluated to be 2.0 and was almost equivalent to the creep factor commonly known for solid lumber. (2) The duration of load factor [i.e. Strength for 50 years duration of load / Strength for 10 minutes duration of load] of CLT was evaluated to be 0.66 and was almost equivalent to the duration of load factor measured for solid lumbers.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
Less detail

Engineering Performance Characteristics of Hardwood Cross-Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2322
Organization
USDA Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory, Michigan Technological University
Country of Publication
United States
Research Status
In Progress
Notes
Project contacts are Xinfeng Xie at Michigan Technological University, and Xiping Wang at the Forest Products Laboratory
Summary
Two major outcomes are expected. First is the establishment of a technical basis for developing allowable bending strength and stiffness of hardwood CLT panels. Second is the development of models for predicting the mechanical properties of CLT products made of low-grade hardwood lumber.
Less detail

10 records – page 1 of 1.