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10 records – page 1 of 1.

Valuation of the Composite Action of Lightweight and Prefabricated Concrete-Wood Floors for Multi-Storey Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2666
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Wood Building Systems
Organization
Université Laval
Country of Publication
Canada
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Finite Element Analysis
Span Limits
Shear Test
Bending Test
Research Status
In Progress
Notes
Project contact is Luca Sorelli at Université Laval
Summary
This project aims to develop a new precast wood / concrete floor system that can push the span limits in multi-storey wood buildings. The multidisciplinary methodology includes a finite element analysis technique using the “DDuctileTCS” software developed at CIRCERB, shear tests on connections, bending tests of the composite beam and an extension of technical standards for the design of composite structures. This project will develop solutions to optimize the composite action and vibration of long-span precast and mixed floors. The methodology consists of: (i) analysis of systems and optimization of shapes by numerical finite element techniques; (ii) connection shear tests; (iii) proof of concept on a prototype beam in the laboratory.
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Multi-Criteria Optimization of Prefabricated Wood-Concrete Floors for Multi-Storey Buildings Considering the Construction Method

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2667
Topic
Design and Systems
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Wood Building Systems
Organization
Université Laval
Country of Publication
Canada
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Acoustics and Vibration
Keywords
Sound Insulation
Weight
Construction Time
Environmental Impact
Research Status
In Progress
Notes
Project contact is Luca Sorelli at Université Laval
Summary
This project aims to develop a new prefabricated wood / concrete floor system that is innovative and competitive in multi-storey wood buildings. The design of the floor will be carried out through a multidisciplinary approach that considers the composite action of the precast floor, the integration of sound insulation, vibrations, the weight of the structure, construction time and environmental impact. Among other things, the construction method and the use of ultra high performance green composite concretes with CLT slabs or GLULAM beams will be considered. The methodology includes digital analysis tools and a new method for the design of mixed structures as well as the life cycle tool. The laboratory proof of concept will assess the performance of the optimized floor system and compare it to existing floors.
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Multi-Storey Residential Buildings in CLT - Interdisciplinary Principles of Design and Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue500
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Serviceability
Moisture
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Ringhofer, Andreas
Schickhofer, Gerhard
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Serviceability
Moisture
Design and Systems
Keywords
Moisture Ingress
Critical Building Zones
Efficiency of Construction
Multi-Storey
Residential
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
Cross-laminated timber (CLT) is a very efficient and powerful building material and thus recently discovered for the erection of multi-storey timber towers. In our paper, we focus on building science and services related topics regarding these constructions. Thereby, we firstly identify moisture ingress as main problem worsening their durability and thus discuss possible detail solutions for both external and internal critical building zones such as flat roof, balcony system and wet rooms. The second main topic we are concentrating in this paper are simple measures to increase the efficiency of CLT constructions by simplifying and improving their structural systems (floors, walls and connections). Both topics are connected by the major importance of interdisciplinary thinking and acting when building with CLT.
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Free
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Commentary: The Potential for Multi-Span Continuous Timber-Concrete Composite Floors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2187
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Sebastian, Wendel
Lawrence, Andrew
Smith, Andy
Publisher
ICE Publishing
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
United Kingdom
Format
Journal Article
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
TCC
Research Needs
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Construction Materials
Notes
DOI link: https://doi.org/10.1680/jstbu.171.9.661
Summary
As the only renewable construction material, and owing to the superior specific stiffnesses and strengths of the different species, timber has been used in major load bearing applications for thousands of years. The advent of waterproof adhesives during World War II and recent advances in manufacturing have combined to exploit the ease of forming and machining this material, leading to various forms of engineered timber including glulam, laminated veneer lumber (LVL) and cross-laminated timber (CLT). Manufactured in lightweight modules that are easily transported, then quickly craned into position and connected to produce eye-catching structures, engineered timber provides cost-effective alternatives (with minimal numbers and complexity of connections) to conventional materials for rapid construction of affordable residential and office spaces in busy city centres.
Online Access
Free
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Calculative Cost and Process Analysis of Timber-Concrete-Composite Ceilings with Focus on Effort and Performance Values for Cost Calculations of Multi-Storey Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1753
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Cost
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Ceilings
Author
Koppelhuber, Joerg
Leitenbauer, Alexander
Heck, Detlef
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Ceilings
Topic
Cost
Keywords
Prefabrication
Multi-Storey
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 5006-5014
Summary
Composite structures use the advantages of two materials – timber and concrete – and improve the efficiency of a material application. Especially the concept of timber-concrete-composite ceilings has synergetic effects to achieve an effective ratio of thickness to span with high cost effectiveness simultaneously. Following the systematic...
Online Access
Free
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Investigation of a Proposed Long Span Timber Floor for Non-Residential Applications

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue197
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Floors
Author
Zabihi, Zhinus
Organization
University of Technology Sydney
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Australia
Format
Thesis
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Commercial
Failure
Long Span
Large Span
Industrial
Short-term
Static Behaviour
Finite element (FE) model
Stress-Strain
Full Scale
Composites
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
This PhD research provides a detailed procedure for designing and investigating the short term static behaviour of a proposed long span timber floor system for non-residential applications that meets serviceability and ultimate limit design criteria, with the use of timber as the only structural load bearing part of the system. In this study the behaviour of two types of LVL are investigated through a number of experimental and analytical tests. As a result of the tension and compression tests, a suitable constitutive law is developed which can accurately capture the stress-strain relationship and the failure behaviour of LVL, and it can also be incorporated into FE analysis of any LVL beam with similar structural features to the tested specimens. Further, the results of the full scale four point bending tests on LVL sections are used to identify the behaviour of LVL up to the failure point and to develop a finite element model to capture the behaviour and failure of LVL. Moreover, after investigating the long span timber floors, one system is proposed to be fabricated for the extensive experimental and numerical investigation. The results of the full scale experimental tests together with the numerical investigation provide a robust model for predicting the performance of any timber beams with similar structural features to the proposed system while the dimensions and spans can be varied according to special requirements such as dynamic performance or fire resistance requirements.
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Free
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Fire Resistance of Long Span Composite Wood Concrete Floor Systems

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue17
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Fire
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Ranger, Lindsay
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Fire
Keywords
Long Span
Testing
Full Scale
shear connectors
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
There is a need to evaluate timber-concrete composite (TCC) systems under fire conditions to understand how shear connectors will perform and might affect the fire performance and the composite action of the assmebly. This project evaluates the fire performance of TCC assemblies based on their structural resistance, integrity and insulation when exposed to a standard fire, as well as how mass timber and concrete interact. This study involves full-scale fire resistance tests on wood-concrete composite floors using two types of shear connectors.
Online Access
Free
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Design of Floor Diaphragms in Multi-Storey Timber Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue294
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Floors
Author
Moroder, Daniel
Smith, Tobias
Pampanin, Stefano
Palermo, Alessandro
Buchanan, Andrew
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
New Zealand
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Floors
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Keywords
Diaphragms
Multi-Storey
Commercial
Lateral Loads
Equivalent Truss Method
Lateral Load Resisting System
Language
English
Conference
New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering Conference
Research Status
Complete
Notes
April 10-12, 2015, Rotorua, New Zealand
Summary
This paper discusses the design of timber diaphragms, in response to the growing interest in multi-storey commercial timber structures, and the lack of guidance or regulations regarding the seismic design of timber diaphragms. Proper performance of floor diaphragms is required to transfer all lateral loads to the vertical systems that resist them, but design for earthquake loads can be more complex than design for wind loads. This paper confirms that the seismic design of a diaphragm is intimately linked to the seismic design of the whole building. Diaphragm failure, even if restricted to a limited diaphragm portion, can compromise the behaviour of the whole building. It is therefore necessary to design and detail diaphragms for all possible load paths and to evaluate their influence on the load distribution within the rest of the structure. It is strongly recommended that timber diaphragms be designed as elastic elements, by applying dynamic amplification and overstrength factors derived from the lateral load resisting system. This paper shows that some current design recommendations for plywood sheathing on light timber framing can be applied to massive wood diaphragms, but for more complex floor geometries an equivalent truss method is suggested. Diaphragm flexibility and displacement incompatibilities between the floor diaphragms and the lateral resisting systems also need to be accounted for.
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Free
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Innovative Engineered Timber Building Systems for Non-Residential Applications, Utilising Timber Concrete Composite Flooring Capable of Spanning Up to 8 to 10m

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1933
Year of Publication
2010
Topic
Market and Adoption
Design and Systems
Cost
Environmental Impact
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Frames

Earthquake Resistant Design and Sustainability through Wooden Composites in Multi-Storey Structures

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue148
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Ceylan, Aygül
Canan Girgin, Z.
Organization
European Association of Earthquake Engineering
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Turkey
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Seismic
Keywords
Multi-Storey
Canada
Italy
New Zealand
Wooden Structural Systems
Wooden-Hybrid Structural Systems
Post-Tensioning
Connections
Sustainability
Language
English
Conference
Second European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 25-29, 2014, Istanbul, Turkey
Summary
In the past, while wood as a natural building material was preferred for only housing construction, today, engineered wood products are used as structural elements even in many different projects such as, schools, airport terminals, stadiums or indoor sport centres and finally in multi-storey houses nowadays. On the other hand, the sustainability is becoming a key focus. Engineered wood products are increasingly used for earthquake resistance as well as natural insulation and sustainable design. Recent studies indicate that the earthquake resistant design through engineered wood products is achievable and affordable. The seismic design of structures typically depends on the ductility of members and connections. The innovative design techniques with wooden composites ensure that the building is functional after a major earthquake event. Within the scope of this study, the earthquake resistant design approaches and experimental results of New Zealand, Canada and Italy are addressed for multi-storey wooden/wooden-hybrid structural systems. Member and connection types, posttensioning effectiveness, floor systems, sustainability and constructability will be focused.
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Free
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10 records – page 1 of 1.