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10 records – page 1 of 1.

Experimental and Analytical Investigation of Short-Term Behaviour of LVL–Concrete Composite Connections And Beams

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue150
Year of Publication
2012
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Beams
Author
Khorsandnia, Nima
Valipour, Hamid
Crews, Keith
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2012
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Beams
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Four Point Bending Test
Screws
Load Deflection
Model
Full Scale
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Construction and Building Materials
Summary
This paper reports the results of experimental push-out tests on three different types of timber–concrete composite (TCC) connections, including normal screw, SFS and bird-mouth. The load-slip diagrams obtained from lab tests are employed to calculate the slip modulus of the connections for serviceability, ultimate and near collapse cases based on Eurocode 5 recommendations. Additionally, four full-scale TCC beams with normal screw, SFS and bird-mouth are constructed and tested under four-point bending within the serviceability load range to verify the slip modulus of connections which derived from the push-out tests. Further, based on the experimental results and using nonlinear regression, an analytical model each one of the connections is derived which can be easily incorporated into nonlinear FE analyses of TCC beams.
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Experimental Investigation on the Long-Term Behaviour of Prefabricated Timber-Concrete Composite Beams with Steel Plate Connections

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2741
Year of Publication
2021
Topic
Connections
Serviceability
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Beams
Author
Shi, Benkai
Liu, Weiqing
Yang, Huifeng
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2021
Format
Journal Article
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Beams
Topic
Connections
Serviceability
Keywords
TCC
Prefabrication
Steel Plate
Long-term Behaviour
Interface Slip
Loading
Shear Connections
Deflection
Temperature
Humidity
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Construction and Building Materials
Summary
This paper presents the results of long-term experiments performed on three timber-concrete composite (TCC) beams. An innovative fabricated steel plate connection system, which consists of screws and steel plates embedded in concrete slabs, was adopted in the TCC beam specimens. The adopted shear connection can provide dry-type connection for TCC beams. Steel plates were embedded in concrete slabs while the concrete slab was constructed in factories. The timber beam and concrete slab can be assembled together using screws at the construction site. In this experimental programme, the beam specimens were subjected to constant loading for 613 days in indoor uncontrolled environments. The influence of long-term loading levels and the number of shear connections on the long-term performance of TCC beams was investigated and discussed. The mid-span deflection, timber strain, and interface relative slip at the positions of both connections and beam-ends were recorded throughout the long-term tests. It was found the long-term deflection of the TCC beam increased by approximately 60% while the long-term loads were doubled. Under the influence of the variable temperature and humidity, the TCC specimens with 8 shear connections showed slighter fluctuations compared with the TCC beam with 6 shear connections. In the 613-day observation period, the maximum deflection increment recorded was 6.56 mm for the specimen with eight shear connections and 20% loading level. A rheological model consisting of two Kelvin bodies was employed to fit the curves of creep coefficients. The final deflections predicted of all specimens at the end of 50-year service life were 2.1~2.7 times the initial deflections caused by the applied loads. All beam specimens showed relative small increments in mid-span deflection, strain and relative slip over time without any degradations, demonstrating the excellent long-term performance of TCC beams using the innovative steel plate connection system, which is also easily fabricated.
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Topological Optimization of Ecological Tri-composite Floors in Lightweight Structural Wood, Ultra High Performance Concrete and Polymeric Fibres

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2253
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Organization
Université Laval
Country of Publication
Canada
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Cost
Environmental Impact
Fibre-Reinforced Polymer
Finite Element Analysis
Ultra-High Performance Concrete
FRP
UHPC
Biosourced Epoxy
Constructability
Research Status
In Progress
Notes
Project contact is Luca Sorelli at Université Laval
Summary
To minimize the built-in energy of the floor, we need to replace the current system with lighter solutions that retain the key features for robustness and maintenance, and are cost-effective and easy to build (Spadea et al., 2015). This project aims to explore innovative flooring solutions that make up a light wood load-bearing structure reinforced underneath by naturally occurring polymeric fibers (FRP) (Bencardino and Condello 2016), which work well in tension, and above an Ultra-Thin Ultra High Performance Concrete Slab (UHPC) that works exceptionally well in compression. Considering the application of very large floors in multi-storey buildings, the following key questions will be addressed: 1) what form should such a system have, 2) how will this be analyzed, and what mode of failure will be desirable? (3) what practical limitations would be imposed by constructability, (4) what would be the gain on economic cost and environmental impact from a life cycle analysis point of view, and (5) is possible to use biosourced epoxy for connections. The methodology consists of: (i) systems analysis and shape optimization using finite element numerical techniques, (ii) connection shear tests, and (iii) proof of concept on a beam prototype.
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Multi-Criteria Optimization of Prefabricated Wood-Concrete Floors for Multi-Storey Buildings Considering the Construction Method

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2667
Topic
Design and Systems
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Wood Building Systems
Organization
Université Laval
Country of Publication
Canada
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Acoustics and Vibration
Keywords
Sound Insulation
Weight
Construction Time
Environmental Impact
Research Status
In Progress
Notes
Project contact is Luca Sorelli at Université Laval
Summary
This project aims to develop a new prefabricated wood / concrete floor system that is innovative and competitive in multi-storey wood buildings. The design of the floor will be carried out through a multidisciplinary approach that considers the composite action of the precast floor, the integration of sound insulation, vibrations, the weight of the structure, construction time and environmental impact. Among other things, the construction method and the use of ultra high performance green composite concretes with CLT slabs or GLULAM beams will be considered. The methodology includes digital analysis tools and a new method for the design of mixed structures as well as the life cycle tool. The laboratory proof of concept will assess the performance of the optimized floor system and compare it to existing floors.
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Evaluation and Optimization of the Vibration Behavior of CLT-Concrete Floors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2673
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Organization
Université Laval
Country of Publication
Canada
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Keywords
Finite Element Method (FEM)
Vibration Performance
Creep
Displacement
Natural Frequency
Research Status
In Progress
Notes
Project contact is Sylvain Ménard at Université Laval
Summary
Designers of large buildings generally want floor systems with large spans (9 m). These floors are often sized by the requirement of vibratory performance and, correlatively, deflection. The composite wood-concrete floors allow large spans with reduced static height. They are a promising alternative to simple concrete slabs. Objective 1 - Determine the evolution of the natural frequency of the CLT-concrete composite floor as a function of the stiffness of the connector, and correlate the experimental results with the model by the finite element method. Objective 2 - Parametric study of the vibration performance of the CLT-concrete composite floor. The impact of several parameters on the dynamic performance of the floor will be determined, especially the characteristics of the constituent materials, connector and the creep of the floor. Objective 3 - Build the metamodels for the study of multi-objective optimization optimization of a wood-concrete composite floor solution in relation to a regional problem in Aquitaine.
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Investigations on the Slip Modulus of a Notched Connection in Timber-Concrete Composite Floors

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1702
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Kudla, Katrin
Mönch, Simon
Kuhlmann, Ulrike
Volk, David
Götz, Tobias
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Slip Modulus
Notched Connections
Push-Out Tests
Failure Mode
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 4386-4394
Summary
For the design of timber-concrete composite (TCC) elements with notches, the slip modulus Kser represents an important property of the connection. In this paper available research results were gathered and further experimental tests were carried out in order to define the slip modulus of a notched connection. Therefore experimental...
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Interlocking Shear Wall Connections

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2076
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Hybrid Building Systems

FE Modelling of Notched Connections for Timber-Concrete Composite Structures

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1693
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Beams
Floors
Author
Bedon, Chiara
Fragiacomo, Massimo
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Beams
Floors
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Finite Element Model
Numerical Model
Failure Mechanisms
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 4272-4280
Summary
Notched connections are extensively used in timber-concrete (TC) composite beams and floors. Their main advantage is a significantly higher shear strength and stiffness compared to mechanical fasteners. Several mechanical and geometrical aspects, however, should be properly taken into account for design optimization of notched connections, as they strongly affect their structural performance and the corresponding failure mechanisms. In this paper, a preliminary Finite-Element (FE) numerical investigation is carried out by means of full 3D numerical models. The mechanical behaviour of each connection component (e.g. the reinforced concrete topping, the steel coach screw, the timber beam) is properly implemented. Shear or crushing failure mechanisms in the concrete, possible plasticization of the coach screw, as well as longitudinal shear or tension perpendicular to the grain failure mechanisms in the timber beam are taken into account using cohesive elements, damage material constitutive laws and appropriate surface-tosurface interactions. The results of parametric FE studies are compared to experimental data derived from literature, as well as to the results of simplified analytical models, demonstrating that the FE model is capable to capture the experimental behaviour of the connection including the failure mechanisms.
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Value-Driven Design Approach for Optimal Long-Span Timber-Concrete Composite Floor in Multi-Storey Wooden Residential Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2738
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Design and Systems
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Movaffaghi, Hamid
Pyykkö, Johan
Yitmen, Ibrahim
Publisher
Taylor&Francis Online
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Design and Systems
Keywords
Long Span Floors
TCC
Design Challenges
Mid-Rise
Residential Buildings
Multi-Family
Multi-Storey
Long Span
Serviceability
Sustainability
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems
Summary
Long-span timber-concrete composite (TCC) floor systems have the potential to address the design challenges for conventional wooden floors in residential multi-storey timber frame buildings. The aim of this paper is to develop a design approach for long-span timber-concrete composite floor system of 6–9 m. A framework based on value-driven design approach has been developed for integration of results from graphical multi-objective optimisation, spreadsheet-based analysis, structural static and dynamic finite element analysis, and multi-criteria decision making. To verify the developed framework, a residential five-storey timber frame building as a case study has been studied. Optimal design includes optimised thickness of the concrete and optimised smeared stiffness of connectors for three different comfort classes A to C in descending order. TCC floor with span length 7.3 [m] belonging to comfort class A and TCC floor with span length 9.0 [m] belonging to comfort class C has been chosen as optimal solutions. The results indicate that proposed and innovative design approach is a promising tool for developers, architects and structural engineers when designing optimal long-span timber-concrete composite floor system.
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Free
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Development of Innovative MTP-Concrete Composite Floor System with Notched Timber Connection

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2659
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Author
Zhang, Lei
Organization
University of Alberta
Country of Publication
Canada
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Stiffness
Strength
Notched Connections
Shrinkage
Research Status
In Progress
Summary
The objective of this research is to develop optimum notch profile to achieve maximum connection stiffness and strength properties, characterize notched timber connection MTP-concrete floor systems, including concrete shrinkage and develop floor system details and design procedure.
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10 records – page 1 of 1.