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10 records – page 1 of 1.

Gestion de l'Humidité en Construction, Bois Lamellé-Croisé

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2686
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Moisture
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Wang, Jieying
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2020
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Book/Guide
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Moisture
Keywords
Wetting
Risk Mitigation
Drying
Language
French
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Le bois lamellé-croisé (CLT) est un produit massif de bois d’ingénierie qui est fabriqué à partir de multiples pièces de bois de dimension assemblées en couches orthogonales avec des adhésifs structuraux. Ce produit est conçu pour des conditions de service sèches et est couramment utilisé pour construire des planchers, des toits et des murs. Comme l’humidification prolongée du bois peut causer des taches, de la moisissure, des variations dimensionnelles excessives (parfois suffisantes pour provoquer la défaillance des attaches), et même la pourriture et la perte de résistance, l’humidité est un facteur important dans la construction avec le CLT. Le présent document a pour but de fournir de l’information technique pouvant aider les architectes, les ingénieurs et les constructeurs à évaluer les risques d’humidification du CLT pendant la construction de bâtiments et à prendre les mesures appropriées pour atténuer ces risques.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Le Rendement Hygrothermique de Murs à Ossature de Bois R22+ à Vancouver

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2776
Year of Publication
2021
Topic
Moisture
Energy Performance
Material
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Walls
Author
Wang, Jieying
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2021
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Walls
Topic
Moisture
Energy Performance
Keywords
Hygrothermal Performance
Exterior Wall
Mid-Rise
Panels
Language
French
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Un programme d’essais a été réalisé en vue de générer des données sur le rendement hygrothermique des murs à ossature légère de bois qui répondent à l’exigence R22 (RSI 3,85) pour les bâtiments d'au plus six étages à Vancouver. Six types d’assemblage de mur extérieur, avec un total de 12 murs extérieurs, ont été mis à l’essai à l’aide d’une hutte d’essai située dans la cour arrière du laboratoire de FPInnovations à Vancouver. Le présent document présente un court résumé de l’essai et du rendement de ces murs en se basant sur les données recueillies sur une période de 19 mois, soit d’octobre 2018 à mai 2020 (Wang 2021).
Online Access
Free
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Comportement au Feu des Éléments de Charpente en Bois Lamellé-Croisé

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1110
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Fire
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Floors
Author
Dagenais, Christian
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Floors
Topic
Fire
Keywords
Fire Resistance
Language
French
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Le bois lamellé-croisé (CLT), un système de construction relativement récent pour lequel l’intérêt ne cesse de croître dans le secteur de la construction d’Amérique du Nord, contribue à la définition d’une nouvelle classe de produits massifs en bois. Le CLT est un composant structural à base de bois très prometteur, qui présente un potentiel élevé pour fournir des solutions de construction rentables pour les bâtiments résidentiels, commerciaux et institutionnels ainsi que pour les grandes installations industrielles. L’acceptation de la construction en CLT dans l’environnement réglementaire canadien requiert la conformité aux dispositions relatives à la protection incendie du Code national du bâtiment du Canada (CNBC), entre autres choses. Des essais au feu approfondis ont démontré la capacité du CLT à fournir un degré de résistance au feu pouvant atteindre près de 3 heures lorsque le matériau est mis à l’essai dans des conditions de plein chargement conformément à la norme CAN/ULC S101. De plus amples renseignements sont également fournis sur les propriétés de sécurité incendie connexes, y compris l’indice de propagation des flammes et les dispositifs coupe-feu. Les éléments de CLT sont utilisés dans les systèmes de construction d’une façon similaire aux dalles de béton et aux éléments muraux massifs ainsi qu’aux éléments utilisés dans la construction en gros bois d’œuvre en limitant les vides de construction créés grâce à l’utilisation des éléments massifs en bois, ce qui contribue à réduire le risque d’incendies dans ces vides de construction. En outre, la construction en CLT utilise généralement des panneaux de CLT pour les planchers et les murs porteurs, ce qui permet d’obtenir une compartimentation ayant une résistance inhérente au feu et contribue une fois de plus à réduire le risque de la propagation d’un incendie au-delà de son point d’origine (compartiment d’origine). Le présent document propose une méthodologie visant à déterminer la résistance au feu des éléments de CLT. En tant que modèle déterministe fondé sur les concept de calculs aux états limites, cette méthode permet de calculer la résistance des éléments de CLT soumis à une exposition au feu standard (soit la norme CAN/ULC S101) à l’aide des mécanismes techniques de base du bois pour les calculs de résistance au feu allant jusqu’à 3 heures, qui ne sont limités que par la disponibilité actuelle des données. La méthode utilise un ajustement linéaire échelonné de la vitesse de carbonisation, une épaisseur de la couche carbonisée de 7 mm dont la résistance et la rigidité sont supposées nulles, un coefficient de résistance égal à l’unité, un coefficient de durée d’application de la charge de courte durée, et des résistances spécifiées ajustées à leurs valeurs moyennes pour prédire les temps moyens de résistance au feu des éléments de murs et planchers de CLT qui suivent étroitement les temps réels de résistance au feu des éléments testés. Bien que certaines améliorations à cette méthode soient encore possibles, ces comparaisons suggèrent que la méthodologie prédit de façon prudente la résistance au feu des éléments de CLT.
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Free
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Effet des Paramètres de Conception Sur la Performance Vibratoire des Planchers Massifs en Bois

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2684
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Energy Performance
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Author
Hu, Lin
Organization
FPInnovations
Year of Publication
2020
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Report
Material
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Acoustics and Vibration
Energy Performance
Keywords
Concrete Topping
Plywood
Vibration Performance
Bending Stiffness
Language
French
Research Status
Complete
Summary
La construction massive en bois est un terme générique qui englobe une grande variété de produits du bois épais et lourds, notamment le bois lamellé-croisé (CLT), le bois lamellé-goujonné (DLT), le bois lamellé-cloué et le bois lamellé-collé (GLT). À ce jour, les méthodes de conception à vibrations contrôlées ont surtout été élaborées pour les planchers en CLT.
Online Access
Free
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Résistance à l’Enfoncement et à l’Arrachement de Connecteurs Filetés Dans le Bois Lamellé-Collé et Lamellé-Croisé (CLT)

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1144
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Kennedy, Shawn
Organization
Université Laval
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Connections
Design and Systems
Keywords
dowel embedment strength
Threaded Fasteners
withdrawal resistance
Language
French
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Commercial construction has witnessed a new enthusiasm in the use of timber as primary structural material. Engineered wood products such as glued-laminated timber and cross-laminated timber (CLT) play an important part in this development. These products allow wood construction to reach new heights. However, certain gaps in knowledge need to be filled to attain the full potential of wood construction, especially with regards to connections. First, current equations for dowel embedment strength and withdrawal resistance of fasteners in sawn timber and glued-laminated timber are deficient. Secondly, no design methods are provided for dowel embedment strength or withdrawal resistance of fasteners in cross-laminated timber in the 2009 edition of Canadian standard for engineering design in wood CSA O86-09 (2009). For these reasons, the goals of the research project are established in three main objectives: -Develop a design equation for withdrawal resistance for threaded fasteners in sawn timber and glued-laminated timber; -Evaluate the performance of dowel embedment equations for sawn timber and glued-laminated timber from different international standards, and determine the influence of variables on their accuracy; -Develop equations for dowel embedment strength and withdrawal resistance of fasteners in cross-laminated timber. After the compilation of results and analysis of withdrawal and embedment tests with threaded fasteners on sawn timber, glued-laminated and cross-laminated timber, the most accurate design models for each product were proposed. Each proposal includes an impact study showing the influence of the proposed design models, in case of adoption in the next edition of the CSA O86 standard.
Online Access
Free
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Mass Timber Building Material in The U.S. Construction Industry: Determining the Existing Awareness Level, Construction-Related Challenges, and Recommendations to Increase its Current Acceptance Level

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2736
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Market and Adoption
Author
Ahmed, Shafayet
Arocho, Ingrid
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Topic
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Construction Difficulties
Awareness
Acceptability
Industry Practitioners
Mass Timber
Construction
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Cleaner Engineering and Technology
Summary
Timber has been considered as a promising building material because of its structural rigidity, environmental sustainability, and renewability nature. In Europe and Australia, timber materials have been used for many different types of construction such as residential, commercial, education, and industrial. However, in the U.S., the familiarity of timber products is gaining momentum. The construction practitioners are still reluctant to consider mass timber as a mainstream building material. A limited number of case study projects make it difficult for industry personnel to evaluate the actual construction feasibility of mass timber. As a result, a significant knowledge gap has been created that hindering the progress of mass timber material in the U.S. construction industry. To help solve the problem, this study aims to identify the existing awareness level among the U.S. building constructors regarding mass timber building materials. It further determines some of the major construction-related difficulties of mass timber buildings and recommendations overcome those difficulties to increase the acceptance of this material. The study performed a semi-structured questionnaire survey to carry out statistical analysis regarding mass timber building material. Analysis of descriptive statistics suggested that the level of awareness and involvement by the U.S. construction practitioners in mass timber building is still significantly low as 55% of the participants indicated no experience on mass timber building construction projects. Qualitative data analysis suggested that lack of experience in timber construction, poor coordination among the project parties, design-related difficulties, and high cost of mass timber panels are the biggest construction-related barriers to adopt this product. To overcome the existing difficulties, the study proposed an increasing number of timber building projects and manufacturing plants, effective early collaboration among the project parties, developing skilled workers, and a nation-wide promotion by the owners and the architects. The outcomes of this study will be helpful for the industry practitioners and the owners to adopt mass timber as a mainstream building material. The study will further increase the acceptance of this material in the U.S. construction industry.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Mass-Timber Construction in Australia: Is CLT the Only Answer?

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2727
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
MPP (Mass Plywood Panel)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
McGavin, Robert
Dakin, Tony
Shanks, Jon
Publisher
North Carolina State University
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
MPP (Mass Plywood Panel)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Veneer
Mass Panel
Mass Plywood
Construction
Australia
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
BioResources
Summary
Wood-based mass-panels (WBMP) are emerging as an attractive construction product for large-scale residential and commercial construction. Australia is following the lead of Europe and North America with several recent projects being completed using predominately cross-laminated timber panels (CLT). These sawn timber-based panels offer some key advantages to the construction and sawmilling industry. However, veneer-based mass-panel (VBMP) systems could offer additional benefits including the more efficient use of the available forest resources to produce WBMPs that have equivalent to superior performance to CLT. Research to confirm the expected technical viability of veneer-based systems is required. VBMPs could provide a valuable contribution, alongside CLT, to the Australian timber products market.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Collaboration Enables Innovative Timber Structure Adoption in Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2007
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Market and Adoption
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Gosselin, Annie
Blanchet, Pierre
Lehoux, Nadia
Cimon, Yan
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
Switzerland
Format
Journal Article
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Supply Chain
Construction
Prefabrication
Procurement
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Buildings
ISSN
2075-5309
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Enabling Prefabricated Timber Building Systems in Commercial Construction

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1927
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Market and Adoption
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Bylund, David
Organization
Centre for Sustainable Architecture in Wood
Publisher
Forest & Wood Products Australia
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
Australia
Format
Report
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Prefabrication
Commercial
NCC
Mid-Rise
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
ISBN
978-1-925213-58-4
Summary
This project identifies drivers for, and barriers to, the increased use of prefabricated timber building (PTB) systems in Class 2 to 9 commercial buildings, such as apartments, hotels, office buildings and schools. PTB systems in Australia are in a formative stage and yet to achieve broad acceptance in the marketplace as a conventional method of building. Opportunities for PTB systems can use timber’s well-established benefits such as high strength-to-weight ratio; design and construction flexibility; general environmental credentials including carbon sequestration; and prefabrication’s suitability for use on brown-field, restricted access and difficult sites and developments. In addition legislative constraints have now been largely removed (e.g. through changes to the 2016 National Construction Code). An increase in large scale mid-rise prefabricated buildings, and with the increasing nationalisation and internationalisation of the top tier building companies, suggests market acceptance will grow as PTB buildings are seen as ‘normal’.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Market Opportunities for Prefabricated Construction Using Mass Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2814
Topic
Market and Adoption
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Organization
BlackBox Offsite Solutions
Country of Publication
Canada
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Light Frame (Lumber+Panels)
NLT (Nail-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Market and Adoption
Keywords
Prefabrication
Mass Timber
Light-frame wood
Canada
Research Status
In Progress
Notes
Project contact is Craig Mitchell at Black Box Offsite Solutions
Summary
The study assesses the current state of the prefabrication industry in Canada and identifies key challenges and potential market opportunities in the sector for the increased use of mass timber. This analysis of the current state of the industry examines all forms of prefabrication, with a focus on wood (light wood frame and mass timber) where possible. A more detailed analysis focuses on future mass timber market opportunities in Canada and globally, including prefabricated timber building elements (i.e. structural components, retrofit components, etc.) and building typologies. Recommendations will inform policy decisions and other efforts required to support the further development and adoption of prefabricated timber buildings in Canada.
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