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Wood Cityscapes: Mass Timber Office Building

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2300
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Design and Systems
Cost
Environmental Impact
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Hovhannisyan, Mariam
Publisher
University of Washington
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Thesis
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Cost
Environmental Impact
Keywords
Office Buildings
Mid-Rise
Cost
Schedule
Greenhouse gas emissions
Prototype
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Most office building construction relies on steel and concrete for mid-high rise office building applications. The primary goal of this thesis is to understand the implications of CLT and mass timber construction systems for mid-high rise office buildings in Seattle by developing a prototypical office building located on a specific site. This research thesis will focus on comparing this prototypical mass timber office building design to the same/similar design using industry standard construction materials for Seattle. The criteria for comparison will include code, cost, schedule and greenhouse gas emissions.
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Free
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Prototype Mass Timber Office Building Models: Material Quantities and Preliminary Life Cycle Assessment: Internal Report

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2547
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Design and Systems
Environmental Impact
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Ganguly, Indroneil
Eastin, Ivan
Simonen, Kathrina
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Report
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Design and Systems
Environmental Impact
Keywords
Mid-Rise
Mass Timber
Prototype
Model
LCA
Life-Cycle Assessment
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
The goal of this work was to develop material quantity estimates of a typical mid-rise office building in the Pacific Northwest and to deliver the results to the Forestry Research Team in the University of Washington (UW) College of the Environment School of Environmental and Forest Sciences. The Forestry Research Team will then use these results to develop regionally specific life cycle inventory data to support the greater study funded by the 2015 McIntire-Stennis Research Grant, which is “to assist small and medium-sized wood products companies and Native American tribal enterprises to understand and adapt to changing market conditions” (http://depts.washington.edu/sefsifr/2015-mcintire-stennis-grantwinners/).
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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A Comparative Cradle-To-Gate Life Cycle Assessment of Mid-Rise Office Building Construction Alternatives: Laminated Timber or Reinforced Concrete

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue52
Year of Publication
2012
Topic
Energy Performance
Environmental Impact
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Robertson, Adam
Lam, Frank
Cole, Raymond
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2012
Country of Publication
Switzerland
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Energy Performance
Environmental Impact
Keywords
Concrete
Embodied Carbon
Life-Cycle Assessment
Mid-Rise
National Building Code of Canada
NBCC
North America
Office Buildings
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Buildings
ISSN
2075-5309
Summary
The objective of this project was to quantify and compare the environmental impacts associated with alternative designs for a typical North American mid-rise office building. Two scenarios were considered; a traditional cast-in-place, reinforced concrete frame and a laminated timber hybrid design, which utilized engineered wood products (cross-laminated timber (CLT) and glulam). The boundary of the quantitative analysis was cradle-to-construction site gate and encompassed the structural support system and the building enclosure. Floor plans, elevations, material quantities, and structural loads associated with a five-storey concrete-framed building design were obtained from issued-for-construction drawings. A functionally equivalent, laminated timber hybrid design was conceived, based on Canadian Building Code requirements. Design values for locally produced CLT panels were established from in-house material testing. Primary data collected from a pilot-scale manufacturing facility was used to develop the life cycle inventory for CLT, whereas secondary sources were referenced for other construction materials. The TRACI characterization methodology was employed to translate inventory flows into impact indicators. The results indicated that the laminated timber building design offered a lower environmental impact in 10 of 11 assessment categories. The cradle-to-gate process energy was found to be nearly identical in both design scenarios (3.5 GJ/m2), whereas the cumulative embodied energy (feedstock plus process) of construction materials was estimated to be 8.2 and 4.6 GJ/m2 for the timber and concrete designs, respectively; which indicated an increased availability of readily accessible potential energy stored within the building materials of the timber alternative.
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Free
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A Study Comparing the Global Warming Potential of Timber and Reinforced Concrete Construction in Office and Apartment Buildings

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1928
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Environmental Impact
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Cross-Laminated Secondary Timber: Experimental Testing and Modelling the Effect of Defects and Reduced Feedstock Properties

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2104
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Environmental Impact
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)

Cross-Laminated Timber: Towards a Consistent Structural Insulated Panel for Passive Building in Belgium

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue497
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Energy Performance
Environmental Impact
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Léoskool, Laurent
Descamps, Thierry
Van Parys, Laurent
Trujillo, Vladimir
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Energy Performance
Environmental Impact
Keywords
Low-Energy
Embodied Energy
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
Nowadays, it is possible to build zero-energy houses or even positive energy buildings. Nevertheless, many incoherencies exists if we attach importance to the embodied energy of its constructions. The present paper lays on the logic of structural insulated panel which is used in many low-energy and passive houses and go further in order to reduce the global greenhouse gases emissions. For this purpose, cross-laminated timber is used instead of oriented strand board and the insulation used is made of wood wool. The structure, the technology and the thermal aspects are discussed as well as the fire resistance in order to show if its new product is economically and technically interesting. Results show that the embodied energy can be drastically reduced compared to the structural insulated panels. A wood consumption reduction of thirty percent can also be obtained compared to the classical cross-laminated timber construction.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Innovative Engineered Timber Building Systems for Non-Residential Applications, Utilising Timber Concrete Composite Flooring Capable of Spanning Up to 8 to 10m

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1933
Year of Publication
2010
Topic
Market and Adoption
Design and Systems
Cost
Environmental Impact
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Application
Floors
Frames

A New Concrete-Glulam Prefabricated Composite Wall System: Thermal Behavior, Life Cycle Assessment and Structural Response

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1296
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Environmental Impact
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Author
Boscato, Giosuè
Dalla Mora, Tiziano
Peron, Fabio
Russo, Salvatore
Romagnoni, Piercarlo
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Environmental Impact
Keywords
Strength
Stiffness
Concrete Glulam Framed Panel
Thermal Behaviour
Carbon Footprint
Embodied Energy
Life-Cycle Assessment
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Building Engineering
Summary
In a former paper by the authors [1], the elastic behavior of Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) and timber panels having periodic gaps between lateral lamellae has been analyzed. A thick plate homogenization scheme based on Finite Elements computations has been applied. The predicted behavior was in agreement with experimental results. In this paper, simplified closed-form solutions are derived in order to avoid FE modeling. Both cases of narrow gaps of CLT panels and wide gaps of innovative lightweight panels are investigated. CLT and timber panels with gaps are modeled as a space frame of beams connected with wooden blocks. The contribution of both beams and blocks to the panel’s mechanical response is taken into account, leading to closed-form expressions for predicting the panel’s stiffnesses and maximum longitudinal and rolling shear stresses. The derived closed-form solutions are in agreement with the reference FE results and they can be used for practical design purposes.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Comparative Life-cycle Assessment of a Mass Timber Building and Concrete Alternative

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2429
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Environmental Impact
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems

Use of Sustainable Wood Building Materials in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia and Sweden

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue836
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Design and Systems
Environmental Impact
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Obucina, Murco
Kuzman, Manja
Sandberg, Dick
Organization
University of Sarajevo
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Format
Book/Guide
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
DLT (Dowel Laminated Timber)
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber)
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
PSL (Parallel Strand Lumber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Design and Systems
Environmental Impact
Keywords
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Building Materials
Construction
Prefabrication
Slovenia
Sustainable
Sweden
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Summary
Bosnia and Herzegovina is the most forested country in the Balkan area, and Sweden and Slovenia are two of the most densely forested countries in the European Union. Living habits differ considerably between these three countries, but the use of wood is very similar. This book grew out of the collaboration of three wood scientists with totally different backgrounds who met and discussed their common interest – wood. Based on the different experiences in each country, the idea was to try to find ways to increase the common knowledge base for the use of wood, achieving excellence in timber design research and education; the architect with a deep knowledge of culture based needs, the engineer with experience and knowledge of technological needs, and the practitioner who always has to find the final solution.
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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10 records – page 1 of 1.