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10 records – page 1 of 1.

Economic-Design Optimization of Cross Laminated Timber Plates with Ribs

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1362
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Cost
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Stanic, Andjelka
Hudobivnik, Blaž
Brank, Boštjan
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Cost
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Plates
Eurocode 5
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Composite Structures
Summary
An economic-design optimization of cross-laminated timber (CLT) plate with stiffening ribs is presented. For the structural analysis, an enhanced assumed strain (EAS) solid finite element is used. It behaves well for thin plates (with no shear locking) and delivers reasonable approximations for the transverse shear stresses in layered composites. Eurocodes 5 (EC5) are followed in defining the optimization constraints, which include deflections, stresses and fundamental eigenfrequency. The gradient optimization is performed. Analytical expressions for sensitivities are obtained by an automatic differentiation tool. The result is an economic timber plate configuration that complies with the EC5 requirements. Numerical examples are presented in order to illustrate the approach.
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Timber-Concrete-Composite Slabs – Research for Optimisation

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1766
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
General Information
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Author
Hein, Carsten
Kaluzni, Lisa
Twohig, Brian
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
Topic
General Information
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 5217-5225
Summary
Timber is an outstanding structural material with a very small carbon footprint and its strength/weight ratio is better than other conventional materials making it ideal for pre-fabrication. Considering not only structural performance but also acoustics, building physics, fire, façade engineering and sustainability were the reason engineers at Arup decided to combine wood with other materials which...
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Structural Capacity of One-Way Spanning Large-Scale Cross-Laminated Timber Slabs in Standard and Natural Fires

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2734
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Fire
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Wiesner, Felix
Bartlett, Alastair
Mohaine, Siyimane
Robert, Fabienne
McNamee, Robert
Mindeguia, Jean-Christophe
Bisby, Luke
Publisher
Springer
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Fire
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Deflection
Temperature
Load Bearing Capacity
Ventilation
Fire Safety
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Fire Technology
Summary
This paper describes selected observations, measurements, and analysis from a series of large-scale experiments on cross-laminated timber (CLT) slabs that were exposed to fire from below, using four different heating scenarios, with a sustained mechanical loading of 6.3 kN m per metre width of slab. The deflection response and in-depth timber temperatures are used to compare the experimental response against a relatively simple structural fire model to assess the load bearing capacity of CLT elements in fire, including during the decay phase of natural fires. It is demonstrated that the ventilation conditions in experiments with a fixed fuel load are important in achieving burnout of the contents before structural collapse occurs. A mechanics-based structural fire model is shown to provide reasonably accurate predictions of structural failure (or lack thereof) for the experiments presented herein. The results confirm the importance of the ventilation conditions on the fire dynamics, burning duration, and the achievement of functional fire safety objectives (i.e. maintaining stability and compartmentation), in compartments with exposed CLT.
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Cross Laminated Timber – Properties and Use for Building Purposes: A Review from the Experience of Swiss Researchers

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue23
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Mechanical Properties
General Information
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Niemz, Peter
Sonderegger, Walter
Publisher
Transilvania University Press Brasov
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Romania
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
General Information
Keywords
Physical Properties
MOE
Bending Strength
Building Applications
Language
English
Romanian
Research Status
Complete
Series
Pro Ligno
ISSN
2069-7430
Summary
An overview on the mechanical and physical properties of cross laminated timber (solid wood panels) in the building industry and its use in timber construction is presented. Structure-property relations for solid wood based materials are discussed. Important properties, such as strength, sorption, diffusion, thermal conductivity in relation to the board structure are presented. By varying the structure, the properties can be optimized over a wide range. The focus of this publication lies on experimental works performed by Swiss researchers at the ETH Zürich.
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Butt-Joint Bonding of Timber as a Key Technology for Point-Supported, Biaxial Load Bearing Flat Slabs Made of Cross-Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2466
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Zöllig, Stefan
Muster, Marcel
Themessl, Adam
Publisher
IOP Publishing Ltd
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
United Kingdom
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Keywords
Butt-Joint
Bending Strength
Shear Resistance
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
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Experimental Verification of Design Procedure for Elements from Cross-Laminated Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1353
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Design and Systems
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Buka-Vaivade, Karina
Serdjuks, Dmitrijs
Goremikins, Vadims
Vilguts, Aivars
Pakrastins, Leonids
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Design and Systems
Keywords
Finite Element Model
Static Load
Transformed Section Method
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Procedia Engineering
Summary
Cross-laminated timber is widely used for load-bearing walls and panels of multi-storey timber buildings as well as for decking structure of pedestrian and road bridges. Design procedure for elements from cross-laminated timber was considered and validated by the experiment and FEM. The design procedure is based on the transformed section method. Eight cross-laminated timber panels with span equal to 1.8 m were experimentally checked under the action of static load. The difference between the experimentally and analytically obtained results is within the limits from 3.3 up to 20%.
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Design Methods of Elements from Cross-Laminated Timber Subjected to Flexure

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue189
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Vilguts, Aivars
Serdjuks, Dmitrijs
Pakrastins, Leonids
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Finite Element Method (FEM)
Static Loading Test
Stress
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Procedia Engineering
Summary
Design methods of cross-laminated timber elements subjected to bending is considered. The methods are based on LVS EN 1995–1–1. The presented methods were checked by the experiment and analytically. Two cross-laminated timber plates with the total thickness of 95 mm were tested under action of static load. The considered cross-laminated timber plates were analysed by FEM method, which is based on the using of computational program ANSYSv14. The comparison of stresses acting in the edge fibres of the plate and the maximum vertical displacements shows that the considered methods can be used for engineering calculations so as the difference between the experimentally and analytically obtained results does not exceed 20%.
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Timber-Concrete Composite Slabs Made of Beech Laminated Veneer Lumber with Notched Connection

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2210
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Design and Systems
Mechanical Properties
Material
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Timber-Concrete Composite

Experimental Analysis of the Structural Behavior of Timber-Concrete Composite Slabs Made of Beech-Laminated Veneer Lumber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue611
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Floors
Author
Boccadoro, Lorenzo
Frangi, Andrea
Publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
Timber-Concrete Composite
LVL (Laminated Veneer Lumber)
Application
Floors
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Beech
Spruce
Load Carrying Capacity
Structural Behavior
Failure Modes
Notch Connections
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities
Summary
The wood engineering community has dedicated a significant amount of effort over the last decades to establish a reliable predictive model for the load-carrying capacity of timber connections under wood failure mechanisms. Test results from various sources (Foschi and Longworth 1975; Johnsson 2003; Quenneville and Mohammad 2000; Stahl et al. 2004; Zarnani and Quenneville 2012a) demonstrate that for multi-fastener connections, failure of wood can be the dominant mode. In existing wood strength prediction models for parallel to grain failure in timber connections using dowel-type fasteners, different methods consider the minimum, maximum or the summation of the tensile and shear capacities of the failed wood block planes. This results in disagreements between the experimental values and the predictions. It is postulated that these methods are not appropriate since the stiffness in the wood blocks adjacent to the tensile and shear planes differs and this leads to uneven load distribution amongst the resisting planes (Johnsson 2004; Zarnani and Quenneville 2012a). The present study focuses on the nailed connections. A closed-form analytical method to determine the load-carrying capacity of wood under parallel-to-grain loading in small dowel-type connections in timber products is thus proposed. The proposed stiffness-based model has already been verified in brittle and mixed failure modes of timber rivet connections (Zarnani and Quenneville 2013b).
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Tensile Performance of Machine-Cut Dovetail Joint with Larch Glulam

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1509
Year of Publication
2010
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Author
Park, Joo-Saeng
Hwang, Kweon-Hwan
Park, Moon-Jae
Shim, Kug-Bo
Publisher
The Korean Society of Wood Science Technology
Year of Publication
2010
Country of Publication
Korea
Format
Journal Article
Material
Glulam (Glue-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Larch
Dovetail Joints
Tensile Strength
Language
Korean
Research Status
Complete
Series
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
Summary
Members used for the Korean traditional joints have been processed by handicraft, especially with domestic red pine species. Dovetail joint is most commonly used in woodworking joinery and traditional horizontal and vertical connections. It is able to be processed much easier to cut by handicraft and machines. However, although it is processed straight forwards, it requires a high degree of accuracy to ensure a snug fit. Also, tenons and mortises must fit together with no gap between them so that the joint interlocks tightly. A few scientific studies on the dovetail joints have been conducted so far. For the effective applications of traditional joints and domestic plantation wood species, dovetail joints were assembled by larch glulam members processed by machine pre-cut. To identify the tensile properties of through dovetail joints, larch glulam with 150 150mm in cross section were prepared. Furthermore, various geometric parameters of dovetai joints such as width, length, and tenon angle, were surveyed. The ends in the mortise was cracked mainly at a low strength level in the control specimens without reinforcements. The maximum tensile strengths of reinforced specimens considering real connections such as capital joint and headpiece on a column, increasedby handicraft, especially with domestic red pine species. Dovetail joint is most commonly used in woodworking joinery and traditional horizontal and vertical connections. It is able to be processed much easier to cut by handicraft and machines. However, although it is processed straight forwards, it requires a high degree of accuracy to ensure a snug fit. Also, tenons and mortises must fit together with no gap between them so that the joint interlocks tightly. A few scientific studies on the dovetail joints have been conducted so far. For the effective applications of traditional joints and domestic plantation wood species, dovetail joints were assembled by larch glulam members processed by machine pre-cut. To identify the tensile properties of through dovetail joints, larch glulam with 150 150mm in cross section were prepared. Furthermore, various geometric parameters of dovetai joints such as width, length, and tenon angle, were surveyed. The ends in the mortise was cracked mainly at a low strength level in the control specimens without reinforcements. The maximum tensile strengths of reinforced specimens considering real connections such as capital joint and headpiece on a column, increased by two times with shear failures on the tenon than the control specimens. The maximum tensile strength was obtained in the specimen of 25 degrees, and no difference was observed in the changes of neck widths.
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10 records – page 1 of 1.