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Mechanical Behavior of Cross-Laminated Timber Panels Made of Low-Added-Value Timber

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2418
Year of Publication
2019
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Walls
Floors
Author
Alencar, Juliana Bello Mussi
Moura, Jorge Daniel de Melo
Publisher
Forest Products Society
Year of Publication
2019
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Walls
Floors
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Structural Performance
Panels
Eucalyptus
Pine
Plantation
Strength
Stiffness
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Forest Products Journal
Online Access
Free
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In-Plane Shear Test of Full Scale Cross Laminated Timber Panels

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue602
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Author
Araki, Yasuhiro
Nakajima, Shiro
Yamaguchi, Yoshinobu
Nakagawa, Takafumi
Miyatake, Atsushi
Yasumura, Motoi
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Panels
In-Plane Shear Test
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
The in-plane shear specimens of full scale CLT panels are tested. From the test results, about the failure behaviour, if there is finger joint near the shear plane, cracks are tended to progress along the joint was confirmed. About the maximum shear unit stress was about 3N/mm2 , and shear stiffness was about 600GPa calculated as the total cross section effective. CLT is composed of longitudinal layers and cross layers. When the CLT is used as shear wall, it is important to understand the in-plane shear performance in order to control the structural performance of wall and joints and the collapse mechanism. Therefore, the in-plane shear specimens of full scale CLT panels are tested.
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Elastic Behavior of Cross Laminated Timber and Timber Panels with Regular Gaps: Thick-Plate Modeling and Experimental Validation

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1341
Year of Publication
2017
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Franzoni, Lorenzo
Lebée, Arthur
Lyon, Florent
Forêt, Gilles
Publisher
ScienceDirect
Year of Publication
2017
Country of Publication
Netherlands
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Homogenization
Gaps
Elastic Behavior
Bending Stiffness
Thick Plates
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Engineering Structures
Summary
In the present paper, the influence of periodic gaps between lamellas of Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) on the panel’s elastic behavior is analyzed by means of a periodic homogenization scheme for thick plates having periodic geometry. Both small gaps, due to the fabrication process of not-gluing lateral lamellas, and wider gaps are investigated. The results obtained with the periodic homogenization scheme are compared to existing closed-form solutions and available experimental data. It appears that the plate bending stiffness can be well predicted with both homogenization and simplified methods, while only the homogenization approach is in agreement with the experimental in-plane and out-of-plane shear behavior. The influence of several properties of CLT lay-up on the mechanical response is pointed out as well.
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Influence of Openings on the Shear Strength and Stiffness of Cross Laminated Timber (CLT) Panels

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2710
Year of Publication
2020
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Shear Walls
Author
Aljuhmani, Ahmad
Ogasawawra, A.
Atsuzawa, E.
Alwashali, Hamood
Shegay, A. V.
Tafheem, Zasiah
Maeda, Masaki
Year of Publication
2020
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Walls
Shear Walls
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Diagonal Compression Test
Openings
Lateral Strength
In-Plane Shear Stiffness
Panels
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Earthquake Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Summary
In the last decade, cross laminated timber (CLT) has been receiving increasing attention as a promising construction material for multi-storey structures in areas of high seismicity. In Japan, application of CLT in building construction is still relatively new; however, there is increasing interest in CLT from researchers as well as construction companies. Furthermore, the Japanese government is providing construction cost subsidies for new CLT structures as it is a carbon neutral and sustainable material. The high shear and compressive strength of CLT makes it a good candidate for use as shear walls in mid-rise buildings. One important aspect of CLT walls, and one that is presently poorly understood, is the influence of openings on the shear carrying capacity. Openings are often necessary in CLT panels either in form of windows, doors, lift shaft openings or installation of building services. Concerning this aspect, the code regulations in Japan are relatively strict, such that if openings exceeded certain prescribed limits, the entire CLT panel is considered as a non-structural element, and its contribution to lateral strength is totally ignored. Furthermore, as the maximum opening size is usually governed by edge distance constraints, the size of openings that designers can use is inevitably limited by the standard sizes supplied by the manufacturers. As a result, designers are obligated to adopt very small opening size. This is thought to be a very conservative approach. The main purpose of this paper is to experimentally evaluate the influence of openings on seismic capacity; strength and stiffness reduction, as well as failure mode with changing opening size and opening aspect ratio. In addition, check the validity of the Japanese code regulations with regards to openings in CLT panels. In this study, six 5-layer CLT panels containing different openings were tested. The parameters considered include the size and layout of the opening. The panels were specifically designed with openings that would render them ineffective in resisting lateral loads according to the Japanese standard. However, in addition to the six panels, one panel without openings and one panel with openings that meet the Japanese standard was designed. All the CLT panels were tested in uniaxial diagonal compression in order to simulate pure shear loading. The CLT panels and the loading setup were designed such that the resulting failure mode will be governed by a shear mechanism. The main focus of the experiment was to relate the deterioration of the lateral strength and stiffness of the panels to the size and layout of the opening. The results showed that the panels with openings with the same area have relatively different failure direction and reduction factors for panel shear strength and stiffness, and that is due to the shear weak and strong direction that CLT panels have. Also, the effect of openings on the reduction of stiffness for CLT panels was found to be greater than their effect on the reduction of shear strength. The prescribed equation in the Japanese CLT Guidebook underpredicts stiffness reduction, and has discrepancies with regard to strength as the difference of panel strengths in weak and strong directions are not considered.
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Shear Connections with Self-Tapping-Screws for Cross-Laminated-Timber Panels

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue1531
Year of Publication
2016
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Hossain, Afrin
Popovski, Marjan
Tannert, Thomas
Year of Publication
2016
Country of Publication
Austria
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Self-Tapping Screws
Joints
Quasi-Static
Capacity
Stiffness
Yield Strength
Ductility
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 22-25, 2016, Vienna, Austria p. 756-763
Summary
The research presented in this paper examines the performance of 3-ply and 5-ply Cross-laminated Timber (CLT) panels connected with Self-tapping Screws (STS). Different conventional joint types (surface spline with STS in shear and half-lap joints with STS in either shear or withdrawal) along with two innovative solutions were evaluated in a total of 198 quasi-static tests. The first novel assembly used STS with double inclination of fasteners in butt joints; the second was a combination of STS in withdrawal and shear in lap joints. The joint performance was evaluated in terms of capacity, stiffness, yield strength, and ductility. The results confirmed that joints with STS in shear exhibited high ductility but low stiffness, whereas joints with STS in withdrawal were found to be stiff but less ductile. Combining the shear and withdrawal action of STS led to high stiffness and high ductility.
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Shear Connections with Self-Tapping-Screws for Cross-Laminated-Timber Panels

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue432
Year of Publication
2015
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Author
Hossain, Afrin
Lakshman, Ruthwik
Tannert, Thomas
Organization
Structures Congress
Publisher
American Society of Civil Engineers
Year of Publication
2015
Country of Publication
United States
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Wood Building Systems
Topic
Connections
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Ductility
Self-Tapping Screws
Stiffness
Strength
Vertical Shear Loading
Mid-Scale
Quasi-Static
Shear Tests
Language
English
Conference
Structures Congress 2015
Research Status
Complete
Notes
April 23–25, 2015, Portland, Oregon, USA
Summary
Cross-Laminated-Timber (CLT) is increasingly gaining popularity in residential and non-residential applications in North America. To use CLT as lateral load resisting system, individual panels need to be connected. In order to provide in-plane shear connections, CLT panels may be joined with a variety of options including the use of self-tapping-screws (STS) in surface splines and half-lap joints. Alternatively, STS can be installed at an angle to the plane allowing for simple butt joints and avoiding any machining. This study investigated the performance of CLT panel assemblies connected with STS under vertical shear loading. The three aforementioned options were applied to join 3ply and 5-ply CLT panels. A total of 60 mid-scale quasi-static shear tests were performed to determine and compare the connection performance in terms of strength, stiffness, and ductility. It was shown that – depending on the screw layout – either very stiff or very ductile joint performance can be achieved.
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Strength Properties of CLT Composed of Sugi Laminations : (9) Small Scale CLT Shear Wall

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue984
Year of Publication
2013
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Author
Watanabe, Hiroshi
Araki, Yasuhiro
Nakajima, Shiro
Miyattaki, Atsushi
Yasumura, Motoi
Ando, Naoto
Kaiko, Naoto
Organization
Architectural Institute of Japan
Year of Publication
2013
Country of Publication
Japan
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
In-Plane Shear Force
Strength Properties
Sugi
Language
Japanese
Research Status
Complete
Summary
An investigation was carried out on CLT panels made from Sitka spruce in order to establish the effect of the thickness of CLT panels on the bending stiffness and strength and the rolling shear. Bending and shear tests on 3-layer and 5-layer panels were performed with loading in the out-of-plane and in-plane directions. ‘Global’ stiffness measurements were found to correlate well with theoretical values. Based on the results, there was a general tendency that both the bending strength and rolling shear decreased with panel thickness. Mean values for rolling shear ranged from 1.0 N/mm2 to 2.0 N/mm2.
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Free
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Comparison of Theoretical and Laboratory Out-of-Plane Shear Stiffness Values of Cross Laminated Timber Panels

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2177
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Author
Niederwestberg, Jan
Zhou, Jianhui
Chui, Ying-hei
Publisher
MDPI
Year of Publication
2018
Country of Publication
Switzerland
Format
Journal Article
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Shear Behaviour
Out Of Plane
Shear Stiffness
Timoshenko Theory of Bending
Shear Modulus
Language
English
Research Status
Complete
Series
Buildings
ISSN
2075-5309
Online Access
Free
Resource Link
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Experimental Analysis of Wall Joints in Cross Laminated Timber Panels Requested by Cyclic Load

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue2013
Year of Publication
2018
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Connections
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)

Lateral Loading Tests on CLT Shear Walls by Assembly of Narrow Panels and by a Large Panel with an Opening

https://research.thinkwood.com/en/permalink/catalogue475
Year of Publication
2014
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Author
Kawai, Naohito
Tsuchimoto, Takahiro
Tsuda, Chihiro
Murakam, Satoru
Miura, Sota
Isoda, Hiroshi
Miyake, Tatsuya
Year of Publication
2014
Country of Publication
Canada
Format
Conference Paper
Material
CLT (Cross-Laminated Timber)
Application
Shear Walls
Topic
Mechanical Properties
Keywords
Lateral Load
Opening
Load-Displacement Curves
Shear Performance
Language
English
Conference
World Conference on Timber Engineering
Research Status
Complete
Notes
August 10-14, 2014, Quebec City, Canada
Summary
In this paper, the results of lateral loading tests on two types of CLT shear wall systems with an opening are summarized, one is the shear wall system with assembling narrow size CLT panels and another is that using one large size panel with an opening. 8 types, 13 specimens in all were tested. Load-displacement curves were obtained and characteristic values of shear performance were derived. As a result, the assembly system revealed higher ductility because of the ductility of connections between panels, while the rapture of large panel system was brittle though the shear capacity was higher than the assembly system.
Online Access
Free
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10 records – page 1 of 1.